Encyclopedia of Parasitology

Living Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Anoplocephalidae

  • Heinz MehlhornEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27769-6_3623-1

Name

Greek: anoplon = unarmed: kephale = head.

General Information

This family of tapeworms contains several genera with a variety of species. Several of them are important parasites of farmed animals.

Species

Hosts

Distribution

Anoplocephala species

Horses, donkeys, equids

Worldwide

Avitellina centripunctata

Ruminants

Southern Europe, Asia, Africa

Bertiella species

Monkeys, humans

Worldwide

Cittotaenia pectinata

Rabbits

Worldwide

Killigrewia delafondi

Pigeons, doves

Worldwide

Moniezia species

Ruminants

Worldwide

Paranoplacephala mamillana

Equids

Worldwide

Stilesia globipunctata

Ruminants

Europe, Asia, Africa

Thysaniezia giardi

Ruminants

Europe, Asia, Africa

Thysanosoma actinioides

Ruminants

South, North America

The adults which have four suckers, but no rostellum and hooks, live in the intestine of their vertebrate host, while oribatid mites are involved as intermediate hosts, which contain the cysticercoid larvae. Symptoms of disease were described as: diarrheas, retarded growth or loss of body weight, and cramps. Diagnosis is done by microscopical demonstration of the proglottids and eggs, which contain an onchocerca larva.

Therapy

Use of praziquantel; cestodocidal drugs.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany