Finlay, Carlos John (1833–1915)
The Cuban physician J.C. Finlay was the first to recognize and to proclaim in 1881 that the agents of the so-called yellow fever disease are transmitted by bites of mosquitoes (genus Aedes). This revolutionary insight was followed by the recommendation to start control measurement at breeding sites of mosquitoes in order to fight against the transmission of yellow fever. His at first belaughed theory and its relevant applications were confirmed about 20 years later by the Walter Reed Commission. Finlay became the Chief Health Officer of Cuba from 1902 to 1909 and was awarded the National Order of the Legion of Honor in France in 1908. Although being proposed seven times for the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, this honor was never awarded to him.
KeywordsControl Measurement Nobel Prize Health Officer Yellow Fever Relevant Application
- Pierce JR, Writer J (2005) Yellow Jack: how yellow fever ravaged America and Walter Reed detected its deadly secrets. Wiley, LondonGoogle Scholar