Encyclopedia of Microfluidics and Nanofluidics

Living Edition
| Editors: Dongqing Li

Magnetic Pumps

  • Barbaros CetinEmail author
  • Soheila Zeinali
  • Dongqing Li
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27758-0_843-6



Magnetic pumps are pumps using electromagnetic or magnetic fields to actuate and control fluid motion in microchannels. The application of electromagnetic or magnetic forces is a flexible way of manipulating fluids in lab-on-a-chip devices.


Micropumps can be classified into two general categories: mechanical and nonmechanical micropumps (an excellent review on micropumps can be found elsewhere [1]). In a typical mechanical pump, a membrane is used to produce the pumping action. Nonmechanical micropumps on the other hand generally have no moving parts. Common mechanical micropumps fall into three categories based on the mechanical action used: check valve, peristaltic, and rotary pumps. They can also be categorized according to their actuation method: pneumatic, piezoelectric, external electric motor, or magnetic field. Among these actuation techniques, magnetic field actuation...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.
    Laser DJ, Santiago JG (2004) A review of micropumps. J Micromech Microeng 14:35–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Shen M, Dovat L, Gijs MAM (2011) Magnetic active-valve micropump actuated by a rotating magnetic assembly. Sensor Actuat B 154:52–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Al-Halhouli AT, Kilani MI, Büttgenbach S (2010) Development of a novel electromagnetic pump for biomedical applications. Sensor Actuat A 162:172–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Khoo M, Liu C (2000) A novel micromachined magnetic membrane microfluidics pump. Proceedings of the 22nd annual EMBS international conference, Chicago, 23–28 July 2000, pp 2394–2397Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yamahata C, Lotto C, Al-Assaf E, Gijs MAM (2005) A PMMA valveless micropump using electromagnetic actuation. Microfluid Nanofluid 1:197–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yamahata C, Lotto C, Al-Assaf E, Gijs MAM (2005) A glass valveless micropump using electromagnetic actuation. Microfluid Nanofluid 78–79:132–137Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pan T, Mcdonald SJ, Kai EM, Ziaie BJ (2005) A magnetically driven PDMS micropump with ball check-valves. J Micromech Microeng 15:1021–1026CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Haeberle S, Schmitt N, Zengerle R, Ducrée J (2007) Centrifugo-magnetic pump for gas-to-liquid sampling. Sensor Actuat A 135:28–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jang J, Lee SS (2000) Theoretical and experimental study of MHD magnetohydrodynamic micropump. Sensor Actuat 80:84–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Huang L, Wang W, Murphy MC, Lian K, Gian Z-G (2000) LIGA fabrication and test of DC type magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) micropump. Microsyst Technol 6:235–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhong J, Yi M, Bau HH (2002) Magneto hydrodynamic (MHD) fabricated with ceramic tapes. Sensor Actuat A 96:59–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Homsy A, Linder V, Lucklum F, de Rooij NF (2007) Magnetohydrodynamic pumping in nuclear magnetic resonance environments. Sensor Actuat B 123:636–646CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lemoff AV, Lee AP (2000) An AC magnetohydrodynamic micropump. Sensor Actuat B 63:178–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kurtoglu E, Bilgin E, Sesen M, Mısırlıoglu B, Yıldız M, Acar HFY, Kosar A (2012) Ferrofluid actuation with varying magnetic fields for micropumping applications. Microfluid Nanofluid 13:683–694CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentIhsan Dogramaci Bilkent UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of WaterlooWaterlooCanada