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Alkaloids Derived by Amination Reaction: Acetate-Derived (Coniine)

  • Rumen Binev
Reference work entry

Abstract

This chapter is intended to be a presentation of alkaloids derived by amination reaction (acetate derived) from chemical, biological, and ecological points of view. The phytochemistry, isolation, biosynthesis, and biological activities of these alkaloids are described. The acetate-derived alkaloids (coniine) contained mainly in the plant poison hemlock (Conium maculatum); therefore, some of the botanical characteristics of this plant are mentioned.

It is, however, pertinent to mention at this juncture that the enormous volume of authentic information accumulated so far with regard to the isolation of alkaloids from a variety of plant species and their subsequent characterization by the help of latest analytical techniques they may be classified as alkaloids derived from amination reactions. These include:
  1. (a)

    Acetate-derived alkaloids

     
  2. (b)

    Phenylalanine-derived alkaloids

     
  3. (c)

    Terpenoid alkaloids

     
  4. (d)

    Steroidal alkaloids

     

Keywords

Acetate-derived alkaloids biological activities biosynthesis coniine phytochemistry 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tracia UniversityStara ZagoraBulgaria

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