Reference Work Entry

CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

pp 254-266

Date:

Computer-Aided Manufacturing

  • Sotiris MakrisAffiliated withLaboratory for Manufacturing Systems and Automation (LMS), Department of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, University of Patras Email author 
  • , Dimitris MourtzisAffiliated withLaboratory for Manufacturing Systems and Automation (LMS), Department of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, University of Patras
  • , George ChryssolourisAffiliated withLaboratory for Manufacturing Systems and Automation (LMS), Department of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, University of Patras

Synonyms

CAM; Computer-assisted manufacturing

Definition

Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM) can be defined as the effective utilization of computers in manufacturing (Groover 1987).

Extended Definition

Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM) can be defined as the use of computer systems to plan, manage, and control the operations of a manufacturing plant through either direct or indirect computer interface with the plant's production resources. In other words, the use of computer system in non-design activities but in manufacturing process is called CAM (Elanchezhian et al. 2007).

Theory and Application

History

The roots of CAD/CAM trail back to the beginning of civilization, when the engineers of the ancient civilizations such as Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans acknowledged the importance of the graphical communication. Later on, Leonardo Da Vinci developed techniques such as cross-hatching and isometric views. The invention of computers and xerography made po ...

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