CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2014 Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart

Computer-Aided Manufacturing

  • Sotiris MakrisEmail author
  • Dimitris Mourtzis
  • George Chryssolouris
Reference work entry



Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM) can be defined as the effective utilization of computers in manufacturing (Groover 1987).

Extended Definition

Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM) can be defined as the use of computer systems to plan, manage, and control the operations of a manufacturing plant through either direct or indirect computer interface with the plant's production resources. In other words, the use of computer system in non-design activities but in manufacturing process is called CAM (Elanchezhian et al. 2007).

Theory and Application


The roots of CAD/CAM trail back to the beginning of civilization, when the engineers of the ancient civilizations such as Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans acknowledged the importance of the graphical communication. Later on, Leonardo Da Vinci developed techniques such as cross-hatching and isometric views. The invention of computers and xerography made possible the creation of graphics...
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Copyright information

© CIRP 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sotiris Makris
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dimitris Mourtzis
    • 1
  • George Chryssolouris
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems and Automation (LMS), Department of Mechanical Engineering and AeronauticsUniversity of PatrasPatrasGreece