Encyclopedia of Cancer

2011 Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Lung Cancer Epidemiology

  • Robert Kratzke
  • Michael J. Franklin
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-16483-5_6893


Of all cancer types,  lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death both worldwide and in the United States [1].

Types of Lung Cancer

Lung cancer accounts for 13% of all cancers diagnosed worldwide, making it the most commonly occurring malignancy other than non-melanoma  skin cancer [ 2]. Approximately 97% of primary lung cancers are carcinomas of the lung, arising from deregulated growth of  epithelial cells. The two major lung carcinomas are  non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and  small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Approximately 80–85% of lung cancers are diagnosed as NSCLC, a heterogeneous group of malignancies consisting of three sub types:

The remaining 15–20% of lung cancers are diagnosed as small cell lung cancer (SCLC), a highly aggressive tumor. Besides these carcinomas, other cancers of the lung include  carcinoid tumors (synonym  carcinoid) and  sarcoma, accounting for only 1% of all lung...

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Kratzke
    • 1
  • Michael J. Franklin
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Hematology, Oncology and TransplantationUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA