Encyclopedia of Cancer

2011 Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Mineral Nutrients

  • Kevin A. CockellEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-16483-5_3752

Synonyms

Definition

Mineral nutrients are inorganic substances that must be ingested and absorbed in adequate amounts to satisfy a wide variety of essential metabolic and/or structural functions in the body. Mineral nutrients are sometimes categorized according to the amount required in the human diet to maintain good nutrition. Macrominerals is a general term encompassing both  bulk minerals (calcium, phosphorus, magnesium) and  electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride), which are required to be ingested by humans in amounts of hundreds of milligrams to several grams per day. Microminerals or  trace elements (including iron, zinc, copper, manganese,  selenium, iodine, chromium, molybdenum) are required in amounts of a few milligrams or less per day. The latter members of this group, which are required only in amounts of micrograms per day, are sometimes referred to as ultratrace elements.

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nutrition Research DivisionHealth CanadaOttawaCanada