Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, Ricardo Amils, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Henderson James (Jim) CleavesII, William M. Irvine, Daniele L. Pinti, Michel Viso

Macula, Maculae

  • Roland WagnerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-11274-4_914


A macula is a dark spot or dark area on the icy  Satellites Europa ( Jupiter),  Titan ( Saturn), and  Triton ( Neptune). Maculae have circular, elliptical, elongate, or irregular shapes. Various processes that can create these features are in discussion, for example,  cryovolcanism (e.g., Ganesa Macula on Titan).

See also

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DLRInstitute of Planetary ResearchBerlinGermany