Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, Ricardo Amils, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Henderson James (Jim) CleavesII, William M. Irvine, Daniele L. Pinti, Michel Viso

Kant–Laplace Cosmogonic Hypothesis

  • Stéphane Le Gars
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-11274-4_843

Keywords

Astronomy, cosmogony, galaxies, history, kant, laplace, nebula, origins, physics, solar system

Abstract

Guided by Newton’s mechanics, Emmanuel Kant proposed in 1755 a hypothesis concerning the origin of the universe from the mutual attraction and the motion of scattered particles in an initial chaos. Without knowing Kant’s ideas, the French mathematician Pierre Simon Laplace proposed, at the end of the eighteenth century, a scenario close to the one imagined by Kant. Limiting his hypothesis to the solar system only and basing it on the probability theory, a reasoning of probability, Laplace gave a more reliable scientific basis to his cosmology, the basic ideas of which are still globally accepted today.

History

In 1755, philosopher Emmanuel Kant brought out a work of his early youth, “The general history of nature and sky theory,” in which he expressed his ideas concerning the solar system’s origin. His cosmogony was entirely guided by Newton’s mechanics: Kant assumed that...

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References and Further Reading

  1. Charles W (1886) Les Hypothèses Cosmogoniques. Examen des théories scientifiques modernes sur l’origine des mondes. Suivi de la traduction de la Théorie du Ciel de Kant. Gauthier-Villars, ParisGoogle Scholar
  2. Emmanuel K (1910) Allgemeine Naturgeschichte und Theorie des Himmels. édition par l’Académie des Sciences de BerlinGoogle Scholar
  3. Merleau-Ponty J (1983) La science de l’univers à l’âge du positivisme. Etude sur les origines de la cosmologie contemporaine. Vrin, ParisGoogle Scholar
  4. Michel S (1975) Le retour éternel. Annales Economie Sociétés Civilisations 30(5):999–1006Google Scholar
  5. Laplace PS (1824) Exposition du système du monde, 5th edn. Bachelier, Paris (1ère édition 1796)Google Scholar
  6. POINCARE Henri (1911) Leçons sur les hypothèses cosmogoniques. A. Hermann et fils, PariszbMATHGoogle Scholar
  7. Roger HAHN (2004) Le système du monde. Pierre Simon Laplace. Un itinéraire dans la science, GallimardGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre François VièteUniversité de NantesNantesFrance