Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, Ricardo Amils, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Henderson James (Jim) CleavesII, William M. Irvine, Daniele L. Pinti, Michel Viso

Acid Hydrolysis

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-11274-4_21


Hydrolysis (greek: υδωρ [hydor] = “water” and λύσις [lýsis] = “solution”) is a chemical reaction in which a compound is cleaved by water. If a proton-donating compound (Brønsted acid) catalyzes the reaction, it is called “acid hydrolysis.” Formally one part of the cleaved reaction product receives a proton (H+), the other a hydroxyl (OH) moiety of a water molecule. Hydrolysis can also be catalyzed by a base. The reverse reaction is called a “condensation reaction.”

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Southern DenmarkOdense MDenmark