Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, Ricardo Amils, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Henderson James (Jim) CleavesII, William M. Irvine, Daniele L. Pinti, Michel Viso

Methylidyne

  • William M. Irvine
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-11274-4_1807

Synonyms

 CH

Definition

The diatomic radical CH (methylidyne), containing carbon and hydrogen, was one of the first interstellar molecules to be identified, in 1937 by T. Dunham and also by P. Swings and L. Rosenfeld. It is widespread in the diffuse  interstellar medium, where it produces absorption lines in the visible spectrum of background stars. It is an important intermediary in the production and destruction of interstellar organic molecules. Methylidyne is also present in the coma (atmosphere) of  comets, where it is presumably a photodissociation product of organic molecules sublimating from the cometary nucleus.

History

After the first detection of the interstellar OH radical by radio astronomers in 1963, several groups looked for radio emission from interstellar CH. The search was difficult, however, because no laboratory measurements of the lowest frequency transitions were available, and theoretical predictions of the relevant frequencies were not very accurate. Radio...

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References and Further Reading

  1. Crovisier J, Encrenaz T (2000) Comet science: the study of remnants from the birth of the solar system. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  2. Hartquist TW, Williams DA (1995) The chemically controlled cosmos. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  3. Rydbeck OH, Ellder J, Irvine WM (1973) Radio Detection of Interstellar CH. Nature 246:466–468ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AstronomyUniversity of Massachusetts Lederle Graduate Research Tower B 619EAmherstUSA