Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, Ricardo Amils, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Henderson James (Jim) CleavesII, William M. Irvine, Daniele L. Pinti, Michel Viso

Oxygenic Photosynthesis

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-11274-4_1721

Definition

Oxygenic photosynthesis is a non-cyclic photosynthetic electron chain where the initial electron donor is water and, as a consequence, molecular oxygen is liberated as a byproduct. The use of water as an electron donor requires a photosynthetic apparatus with two reaction centers. It is present in cyanobacteria and its evolutionary related eukaryotic organelles, the chloroplast. Oxygenic photosynthesis was responsible for the transformation of the Earth’s primitive anoxygenic atmosphere to one with molecular oxygen.

See also

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut Cavanilles de Biodiversitat i Biologia EvolutivaUniversitat de ValènciaValènciaSpain