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Allergic Rhinitis

  • Michael S. BlaissEmail author
  • Cyrus Nozad
  • Jeremy Katcher
Reference work entry

Allergic rhinitis (AR) has become a global health problem affecting 10–25% of the population with the highest rate in the pediatric population. This figure underestimates the true prevalence of AR primarily secondary to under diagnosis, misdiagnosis, and patients not seeking medical attention. Allergic rhinitis affects 20–40 million people in the United States with its frequency continuing to increase especially in the younger population. Allergic rhinitis is one of the most common chronic allergic diseases of childhood, and one of the top ten reasons for visits to primary care physicians. The prevalence of seasonal AR (SAR) is higher in children and adolescents than adults, and according to the International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Children (ISAAC) Phase I study, the prevalence is 0.8–14.9% in 6- to 7-year-olds and 1.4–39.7 % in 13- to 14-year-olds. According to ISAAC, the prevalence of AR varies worldwide with the lowest prevalence rates in countries such as Indonesia,...

Keywords

Allergic Rhinitis Allergic Rhinitis Nasal Congestion Otitis Medium With Effusion Allergic Conjunctivitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael S. Blaiss
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cyrus Nozad
    • 2
  • Jeremy Katcher
    • 3
  1. 1.College of MedicineUniversity of Tennessee Health Science CenterGermantownUSA
  2. 2.ArmonkNY
  3. 3.KirkwoodMO

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