Production of Wax Esters by Bacteria
During cultivation under nitrogen-limited conditions, some prokaryotes are able to accumulate large amounts of wax esters as inclusion bodies in their cytoplasm. These lipids act as storage compounds for energy and carbon during starvation. The present review focuses on the formation pathways of these compounds during the bacterial metabolism of various substrates (hydrocarbons, alkanols, and fatty acids). A particular attention is given to the formation of isoprenoid wax esters. As a conclusion, the potential applications of these compounds are discussed.
KeywordsPhytenic Acid Formation Pathway Sperm Whale Acinetobacter Calcoaceticus Aldehyde Reductase
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