History of Stereotactic Surgery in Korea

  • S. S. Chung


In Korean history, the end of the nineteenth century is considered as the period of the Chosun Dynasty’s transition from medieval to modern. This period was marked by wide-ranging social and economic changes on the domestic front, and, externally, by the threat of foreign domination. It was during this period when modern medicine began, perhaps personified historically when Dr. Horace N. Allen (Figure 13-1 ), a Protestant missionary from the Presbyterian Missions in New York, stepped onto Korean soil. In December 1884, Allen was given the opportunity of saving the life of Queen Min’s nephew. In gratitude, at the behest of King Kojong, the Royal Hospital Kwanghyewon, “House of Extended Grace,” was founded on 10 April 1885, and on April 23rd the name was changed to Chejungwon (Figure 13-2 ), which means “Universal Helpfulness,” Kwanghyewon was the first modern hospital in Korea, which later became the Severance Hospital, an affiliate of the Yonsei University Medical School [1,2].


Essential Tremor Trigeminal Neuralgia Epilepsy Surgery Hemifacial Spasm Middle Cranial Fossa 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

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  • S. S. Chung

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