Encyclopedia of Cancer

2009 Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Uncertain or Unknown Histogenesis Tumors

  • Pere Huguet
  • Santiago Ramón Y Cajal
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-47648-1_6105

Definition

Tumors of unknown histogenesis are those in which the normal cell counterpart has not as yet been identified. Recent advances in the molecular understanding of cancer have led to classification of these tumors in terms of differentiation, regardless of their location and the presumed cell of origin.

Characteristics

Tumors are classified as epithelial, mesenchymal, lymphoid or neuroectodermal depending on their cell of origin. Most tumors show the histopathological features of their normal cellular counterpart and can be classified accordingly. Currently, pathologists are attempting to classify tumors according to their patterns of gene expression and markers of differentiation. An important related discovery is the so-called cancer stem cell, which has the potential to self-renew and form additional cancer cells of a similar phenotype, and to give rise to phenotypically diverse cancer cells. These cancer cells can arise from mutational transformation of normal stem cells or...

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References

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    Fletcher CDM, Unni KK, Mertens F (2002) Tumours of soft tissue and bone. Kleihues P, Sobin LH (eds) Pathology & genetics. WHO Classiffication of Tumours Lyon, pp 185–224Google Scholar
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    Kempson RL, Fletcher DM, Evans HL et al. (2001) Tumors of soft tissues. Rosai (eds) Atlas of tumor pathology Third Series. WashingtonGoogle Scholar
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    Fletcher CDM (2002) Soft tissue tumours. In: Fletcher (ed) Diagnostic histopathology of tumors. Boston: London, pp 1473–1540Google Scholar
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    Weiss SW, Goldblum JR (2001) Enzinger and Weiss’s soft tissue tumours. In: Mosby (eds), 4th edn. Philadelphia. Malignant soft tissue tumors of uncertain type pp. 1483–1571Google Scholar
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    Pardal R, Clarke MF, Morrison SJ (2003) Applying the principles of stem-cell biology to cancer. Nat Cancer Rev 3:895–902CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pere Huguet
    • 1
  • Santiago Ramón Y Cajal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PathologyVall d’Hebron University HospitalBarcelonaSpain