Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Diagnostic Imaging

pp 730-734

Foreign Bodies, Gastrointestinal

  • Korman UgurAffiliated withIstanbul University, Department of Radiology
  • , Selcuk DoganAffiliated withIstanbul University, Department of Radiology
  • , Kantarci FatihAffiliated withIstanbul University, Department of Radiology
  • , Kurugoglu SebuhAffiliated withIstanbul University, Department of Radiology


Gi Foreign Bodies; Foreign Bodies; Esophageal Foreign Bodies; Swallowed Foreign Bodies; Oropharyngeal Foreign Bodies; Rectal Foreign Bodies


Foreign bodies (FB) of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract are defined as any external object, introduced voluntarily or accidentally into the digestive system. Foreign bodies may be ingested, inserted into a body cavity, or deposited into the body by a traumatic or iatrogenic injury. In general, foreign bodies in the air and food passages are the sixth most common cause of accidental death in the United States ( 1). The ingestion of a FB is a relatively common GI emergency that causes significant morbidity. Fortunately, the vast majority of all swallowed objects pass through the GI tract without a problem. Only 1% of involuntary and generally unconsciously ingested FB will perforate the bowel and constitute abdominal emergencies whose diagnosis represents a challenge ( 2). Those that cause perforation are usually sha ...

This is an excerpt from the content