Reference Work Entry

Springer Handbook of Mechanical Engineering

pp 73-222

Materials Science and Engineering

  • Jens FreudenbergerAffiliated withDepartment for Metal Physics, Leibniz-Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden Email author 
  • , Joachim GöllnerAffiliated withInstitute of Materials and Joining Technology Department of Mechanical Engineering, Otto-von-Guericke University Email author 
  • , Martin HeilmaierAffiliated withDepartment of Physical Metallurgy, Technical University Email author 
  • , Gerhard MookAffiliated withDepartment of Mechanical Engineering Institute of Materials and Joining Technology and Materials Testing, Otto-von-Guericke University Email author 
  • , Holger SaageAffiliated withFaculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Applied Sciences of Landshut Email author 
  • , Vivek SrivastavaAffiliated withAditya Birla Management Corporation, Corporate Technology Strategy Services Email author 
  • , Ulrich WendtAffiliated withDepartment of Materials and Joining Technology, Otto-von-Guericke University Email author 


The chapter is structured into the following main parts. After a short introduction which addresses the term materials as it is used in mechanical engineering and sorts out other matters for the sake of space, the first main section, Sect. 3.1, describes the fundamentals of atomic structure and microstructure of materials (as defined in the introduction). The following Sects. 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6 deal with the most important properties and testing methods of materials from the viewpoint of mechanical engineers. The last and largest Sect. 3.7 is devoted to the most commonly used materials in mechanical engineering.