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Search and Rescue Robotics

Reference work entry

Abstract

In order to summarize the status of rescue robotics, this chapter will cover the basic characteristics of disasters and their impact on robotic design, describe the robots actually used in disasters to date, promising robot designs (e.g., snakes, legged locomotion) and concepts (e.g., robot teams or swarms, sensor networks), methods of evaluation in benchmarks for rescue robotics, and conclude with a discussion of the fundamental problems and open issues facing rescue robotics, and their evolution from an interesting idea to widespread adoption. The Chapter will concentrate on the rescue phase, not recovery, with the understanding that capabilities for rescue can be applied to, and extended for, the recovery phase. The use of robots in the prevention and preparedness phases of disaster management are outside the scope of this chapter.

Keywords

Global Position System Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Situation Awareness Snake Robot Unmanned Ground Vehicle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

AAAI

American Association for Artificial Intelligence

CCD

charge-coupled devices

DARPA

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

GPS

global positioning system

HRI

human–robot interaction

IEEE

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

MTBF

mean time between failure

SLAM

simultaneous localization and mapping

UAV

unmanned aerial vehicles

UGV

unmanned ground vehicle

US

ultrasound

USV

unmanned surface vehicle

UUV

unmanned underwater vehicles

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Computer Science and EngineeringUniversity of South FloridaTampaUSA
  2. 2.Graduate School of Information SciencesTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Informatica e Sistemistica ” A. Ruberti„Università degli Studi di Roma ” La Sapienza„RomaItaly
  4. 4.Intelligent Systems DivisionNational Institute of Standards and TechnologyGaithersburgUSA
  5. 5.Dipartimento di InformaticaUniversità degli Studi di VeronaVeronaItaly
  6. 6.The Robotics InstituteCarnegie Mellon UniversityPittsburghUSA
  7. 7.Department of Electrical EngineeringMiddle East Technical UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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