Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

2009 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Binder, Nobutaka Hirokawa, Uwe Windhorst

Verbal Memory

  • Itaru F. Tatsumi
  • Masumi Watanabe
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-29678-2_6266

Definition

Verbal memory is a rather broad concept that refers to memory for verbally presented information. There are a variety of tasks for measuring verbal memory capability, including learning of word lists, story recall (or logical memory), and learning of sequences of paired words. In list learning, the subject is required to recall an auditorily presented word list immediately or several minutes after the list presentation. The former recall condition is referred to as “immediate recall” and the latter as “delayed recall.” With story recall, the subject listens to a short story and is asked to tell anything about the story under immediate and delayed (usually 30 min) recall conditions. In paired word learning, a sequence of word pairs is presented and recall of the second word of each pair is demanded when the tester utters each of the first words. As these tasks suggest, verbal memory primarily indicates acquisition or registration of memory for spoken materials.

Characteristics

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Itaru F. Tatsumi
    • 1
  • Masumi Watanabe
    • 2
  1. 1.LD/Dyslexia CentreChibaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Speech, Language and Hearing SciencesNiigata University of Health and WelfareNiigataJapan