Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

pp 1549-1555

Face Processing in Different Brain Areas

  • Edmund T. RollsAffiliated withUniversity of Oxford, Department of Experimental Psychology


Face expression; Face identity; Inferior temporal visual cortex; Orbitofrontal cortex; Spatial frequency, attention; Invariance


Face processing in the brain.


Neuronal Responses to Faces in Different Temporal Lobe Cortex Visual Areas

Visual pathways project by a number of cortico-cortical stages from the primary visual cortex (Brodmann’s area 17, striate cortex, area V1; Striate cortex functions) until they reach the temporal lobe visual cortical areas in which some neurons that respond selectively to faces are found [14]. The inferior temporal visual cortex, area TE (cerebro-cortical area TE), is divided on the basis of cytoarchitecture, myeloarchitecture, and afferent input into areas TEa (cerebro-cortical area TEa), TEm (cerebro-cortical area TEm), TE3 (cerebro-cortical area TE3), TE2 (cerebro-cortical area TE2) and TE1 (cerebro-cortical area TE1). In addition there is a set of different areas in the cortex in the superi ...

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