Virtual Reality

  • Giuseppe RivaEmail author
Living reference work entry


We will probably never go to the Moon, climb Mount Everest, or swim with dolphins. Virtual reality (VR), however, can allow us to do all these things using the simulative power of computers and smartphones. Specifically, what distinguishes VR from other media is the sense of presence: the feeling of “being there” inside the virtual experience produced by the technology. The feeling of presence, associated with the high level of emotional engagement allowed by virtual experiences, turns this technology into a powerful tool for exploring what is possible and engaging with it, supporting personal and clinical change.


Virtual reality Presence Telepresence Emotional engagement Personal change Clinical change Transformation of flow Simulation 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Applied Technology for Neuro-Psychology LabIRCCS Istituto Auxologico ItalianoMilanItaly
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversità Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Largo GemelliMilanItaly

Section editors and affiliations

  • Alice Chirico
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyCatholic University of the Sacred Heart in MilanMilanItaly