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Specialty Application of Functional Biopolymers

  • Raghavendra S. Hebbar
  • Arun M. IsloorEmail author
  • Abdul Wahab Mohammad
Reference work entry
Part of the Polymers and Polymeric Composites: A Reference Series book series (POPOC)

Abstract

In today’s world, we have been facing global challenges like pollution explosion, resource depletion, changing climate, and demand for food and potable water forcing us to move forward toward sustainable development. Among these hurdles, especially shortage of fresh water across the globe has made us to look toward more efficient, lower-cost, robust technology to decontaminate and disinfect water from the source to the point-of-use. For this, membrane processes play a key role in water treatment technologies, due to their low energy consumption and involve no phase change. Compared to synthetic polymeric membranes, biopolymer-based membranes have drawn the attention of researchers due to its biocompatible, nontoxic, biodegradable, easily available, and environmentally friendly nature. The development of cellulose- and chitosan-based membrane put forward the new benchmark for desalination, heavy metal ion removal, dye rejection, wastewater treatment, drug delivery, wound healing, and other applications. Efforts are in progress to invest more and more time and research to make abundant use of these naturally occurring hydrophilic materials. These materials serve to be a cleaner substitute to the synthetic polymers that are currently in use and are dominating the market. This chapter gives a detailed overview of cellulose, chitosan, and their derivatives for membrane applications. Further, key scientific encounters are adopted on the path to industrially applicable membranes comprising these biopolymeric-based materials.

Keywords

Biopolymer Blend membrane Pervaporation Heavy metal ions 

List of Abbreviations

BSA

Bovine serum albumin

CA

Cellulose acetate

CAB

Cellulose acetate butyrate

CAP

Cellulose acetate propionate

ECH

Epichlorohydrin

EGDMA

Ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate

FRR

Flux recovery ratio

HOBt

Hydroxybenzotriazole

HPC

Hydroxypropyl cellulose

MTBE

Methanol–methyl tert-butyl ether

NIPS

Induced phase separation

P(VP-co-AA)

Poly(vinylpyrrolidone-co-(acrylic acid))

P(VP-co-Vac)

Poly(vinylpyrrolidone-co-(vinyl acetate))

PAA

Poly(acrylic acid)

PAN

Polyacrylonitrile

PEG200DMA

Polyethyleneglycol 200 dimethacrylate

PEG600DMA

Polyethyleneglycol 600 dimethacrylate

PEI

Polyethyleneimine

PPEES

Poly(1,4-phenylene ether ether sulfone)

PVA

Poly(vinyl alcohol)

PVP

Polyvinylpyrrolidone

PWF

Pure water flux

RAFT

Reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer

SMM

Surface modifying macromolecules

TEEMA

Triethoxy ethyl methacrylate

TFC

Thin film composite

THF

Tetrahydrofuran

TIPS

Thermally induced phase separation

TMC

Trimesoyl chloride

TPP

Tripolyphosphate

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Director, National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Surathkal, India for providing the facilities.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raghavendra S. Hebbar
    • 1
  • Arun M. Isloor
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abdul Wahab Mohammad
    • 2
  1. 1.Membrane Technology Laboratory, Chemistry DepartmentNational Institute of Technology KarnatakaSurathkal, MangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaSelangorMalaysia

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