Applications of Hydrogels

  • Michael J. Majcher
  • Todd HoareEmail author
Reference work entry
Part of the Polymers and Polymeric Composites: A Reference Series book series (POPOC)


Hydrogels offer multiple unique properties in terms of their porosities, mechanics, interfacial dynamics, and biological responses that make them highly relevant to a broad range of potential applications. Herein, we review how hydrogels can address key challenges in biomedical, personal care, cosmetic, bioseparations, environmental (including natural resource extraction), catalytic, and agricultural applications, with an emphasis on how hydrogels can be rationally engineered in each case for optimal performance. Biomedical applications of hydrogels in drug delivery, tissue engineering, cell encapsulation, wound healing, and biological barrier materials are particularly highlighted in the context of how various approaches to hydrogel synthesis and fabrication influence hydrogel performance in such applications.



Acrylic acid




Atomic absorption spectroscopy


Silver nanoparticles


2-Acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonic acid


Apoptosis antigen-1


(3-Acrylamidopropyl)trimethylammonium chloride


Cluster of differentiation 95


Carboxymethyl cellulose


Controlled release fertilizer


Extracellular matrix




US Food and Drug Administration




Hyaluronic acid


2-Hydroxypropyl methacrylate


Hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose


Hydrogel-embedded metal catalyst


Metallomatrix proteinases


Molecular weight




Peptide amphiphile


Poly(acrylic acid)




Poly(acrylamide) gel electrophoresis




Poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride)


Poly(ethylene glycol)


Poly(ethylene oxide)


Poly(glycolic acid)


Poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate)


Poly(lactic acid)


Poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid




Poly(p-phenylene oxide)




Poly(vinyl alcohol),


Arginylglycylaspartic acid


Superabsorbent polymers


Sodium dodecyl sulfate


Superporous hydrogels


Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles


Slow release fertilizer


Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 6




Vascular endothelial growth factor


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada

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