Sustainable Cities and Communities

2020 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökçin Özuyar, Tony Wall

Urban Lifestyles and Consumption Patterns

Reference work entry



Urban lifestyles relate to the way of living adopted in densely populated human settlements and to the conditions and the quality of life in cities. Although different in size, spatial structure, resources availability, social, cultural, and economic characteristics, all cities merge natural with built environments. However, presently and mostly in megacities, human intervention through time has faded out the natural presence to just a subtle shade. The built environment of cities is composed of buildings, communications, services, industry, commerce, and leisure infrastructures. Each city’s own activities are supported by the built environment and by the complex network of synergies and dependencies with other regions, local and globally, that provide for all kinds of resources and goods that cities require, generating the city metabolism. All these interconnections and linkages within the city and to the outside...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UFP Energy, Environment and Health Research UnitPortoPortugal
  2. 2.UFP Energy, Environment and Health Research Unit, 3ERL – Energy, Environment and Environmental and Public Health Research LabUniversity Fernando PessoaPortoPortugal
  3. 3.CNPq Research Group “Dynamics of Neuro-musculo-Skeletal System”BAHIANA – School of Medicine and Public HealthSalvadorBrazil
  4. 4.Health Sciences FacultyUniversity Fernando PessoaPortoPortugal

Section editors and affiliations

  • Samuel Borges Barbosa
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of ViçosaRio ParanaíbaBrazil