Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

2019 Edition
| Editors: Charles W. Finkl, Christopher Makowski


  • Martyn WallerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-93806-6_54


The term bog is used to describe certain forms of wet terrestrial vegetation. Unfortunately, in common with the words employed for many other categories of wetland, there are variations and inconsistencies in usage, regionally (particularly within Europe) as well as globally. Bog has been broadly defined so as to encompass all types of peat forming vegetation (see entry on “ Peat”) or narrowly defined to denote only plant communities which are dependent upon precipitation and dust for supplies of water and nutrients. The term peatland is more appropriate for the former. The latter “ombrotrophic” condition may be an absolute state, however, this is by no means always the case and it is perhaps not surprisingly, therefore, that such communities have floristic affinities with other wetland vegetation types. Consequently, recent authors (Wheeler and Proctor 2000) have preferred to use the term bog to describe a type of vegetation, that is, one which is usually dominated by...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of GeographyKingston UniversityKingston-upon-Thames, SurreyUK