Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

2019 Edition
| Editors: Charles W. Finkl, Christopher Makowski


  • Martin J. BaptistEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-93806-6_50

Biogeomorphology is a discipline that combines ecology and geomorphology. Geomorphology is the study of landforms and their formation. Ecology is the study of the relationships between biota and their environment. The environment is defined as factors that affect biota. These factors can be abiotic (physical, chemical), biotic (other organisms), or anthropogenic (humans). Abiotic geomorphological processes may affect biota and biota may in turn affect geomorphological processes. The interaction between both defines the discipline of biogeomorphology. Biogeomorphologyis the study of the interaction between geomorphological processes and biota.

Essential Concepts

The term biogeomorphology was first used in the 1980s (Viles 1988), although earlier studies have been conducted that were focused on biogeomorphology without using this term. Biogeomorphology is studied in terrestrial as well as in aquatic systems. In coastal systems biogeomorphological interactions are clearly demonstrated in...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wageningen University and Research (WUR)WageningenThe Netherlands