Advertisement

Discussion with Farmers in Southwestern Nigeria on Climate Change and Agriculture

  • Obasanjo Joseph OyedeleEmail author
Reference work entry

Abstract

Africa is the worst hit by the crisis of food insecurity because of the effects of climate change on agriculture among farmers in the continent. Global discourse on sustainable management of climate change in developing countries is on access to climate change information and practice of climate-friendly farming strategies by farmers. However, new studies have established that empirical conversation on media communication of climate change in developing countries should move from determining level of awareness to promoting inclusive climate change communication wherein stakeholders will dialogue for sustainable climate change management. This chapter examines how climate change communication to farmers in Southwestern Nigeria fulfills the empirical recommendation on two-way climate change communication exchange. Interviews and focus group discussion sessions among farmers in Osun, Oyo, and Ondo states reveal that agricultural information about climate change mitigation and adaptation follows a one-way communication; warnings and weather forecasts overshadow building of positive knowledge, attitude, and practice. An appropriate feedback and participatory mechanism is needed, and farmers need to be active stakeholders in climate change communication for sustainable agricultural development in Nigeria.

Keywords

Climate change communication Food security Two-way communication Farmers and Sustainable agricultural development 

References

  1. African Climate Policy Centre (2014) African climate change strategy, www.un.org/en/africa/osaa/pdf/au/cap_draft_auclimatestrategy_2015.pdf, pp 1–40
  2. Arnstein, S. (1969). ‘A ladder of citizen participation’. J Am Inst Plann, Vol. 35, pp. 216–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Asemah ES, Anum V, Edegoh LO (2013) Radio as a tool for rural development in Nigeria: prospects and challenges. AFRREV IJAH 2(1):17–35Google Scholar
  4. BBC World Service Trust (2010) Africa talks climate: the public understanding of climate change in ten countries. BBC World Service Trust, London, pp 1–19Google Scholar
  5. Berry P, Clarke K, Pajot M, Hutton D, Verret M (2009) The role of risk perception and health communication in adapting to the health impacts of climate change in Canada. Report for the climate change impacts and adaptation program, Earth Science Sector, Natural Resources Canada, OttawaGoogle Scholar
  6. Brooks R, Harris G (2008) Citizen participation, NEPA, and land-use planning in northern New York, USA. Environ Pract 10(4):140–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carpentier N (2016) Beyond the ladder of participation: an analytical toolkit for the critical analysis of participatory media processes. Javnost The Public 23(1):70–88.  https://doi.org/10.1080/13183222.2016.1149760CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Carpentier N (2011) Media and participation: a site of ideological-democratic struggle. Intellect, Bristol, pp 1–408CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Centre for Research on Environmental Decisions (CRED) (2009) The psychology of climate change communication: a guide for scientists, journalists, educators, political aides, and the interested public. CRED, New York, pp 1–48Google Scholar
  10. European Network for Rural Development (2015) Improving stakeholder involvement. EU rural review no 19. Publications office of the European Union, Luxembourg, pp 1–56Google Scholar
  11. Food and Agriculture Organisation (2008) Climate change adaptation and mitigation in the food and agriculture sector. Technical background document from the expert consultation, Rome, March 5–7, 2008, pp 1–17Google Scholar
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and World Food Program (WFP) (2015) The state of food insecurity in the world 2015. Meeting the 2015 international hunger targets: taking stock of uneven progress. Rome, FAO. Retrieved on 19 July 2016 from www.fao.org/3/a-i4646e.pdf
  13. Guti B, Aji MM, Magaji G (2012) Environmental impact of natural resources exploitation in Nigeria and the way forward. J Appl Technol Environ Sanitat 2(2):95–102Google Scholar
  14. Harvey B, Ensor J, Carlile L, Garside B, Patterson Z, Naess LO (2012) Climate change communication and social learning-review and strategy development for CCAFS. In: Working paper No. 22. CGIAR research program on climate change, agriculture and food security (CCAFS), Copenhagen, Denmark. Retrieved 12 Feb 2016 from www.ccafs.cgiar.org
  15. Hasan S (2013) Mass communication: principles and concepts, 2nd edn. CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi, pp 1–456Google Scholar
  16. Ho YH, Lin CY (2012) An empirical study on Taiwanese logistics companies’ attitudes toward environmental management. Adv Manage Appl Econom 2(4):223–241Google Scholar
  17. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2007) In Metz B, Davidson OR, Bosch PR, Dave R, Meyer LA (eds) Contribution of working group III to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change, 2007. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, pp 1–841Google Scholar
  18. Kibue GZW, Pan G, Joseph S, Xiaoyu L, Jufeng Z, Zhang X, Li L (2015) More than two decades of climate change alarm: farmers’ knowledge, attitudes and perceptions. Afr J Agric Res 10(27):2617–2625CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Liz M, Malcolm MAS, Williams R (2014) Agricultural production under climate change: the potential impacts of shifting regional water balances in the US. Invited paper prepared for presentation at the agricultural & applied economics association’s 2014 AAEA Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN, July 27–29, 2014, pp 1–60Google Scholar
  20. Metu AG, Okeyika KO, Maduka OD (2016) Achieving sustainable food security in Nigeria: challenges and way forward. In: Third international conference on African development issues, Ogun State, Nigeria. Covenant University Press, pp 182–187Google Scholar
  21. Moser SC (2010) Communicating climate change: history, challenges, process and future directions. Wiley, vol 1 January/February, pp 31–53, www.wires.wiley.com/climatechange. Accessed 19 May 2016Google Scholar
  22. Mwazi FN, Ndokosho J (2011) Effective communication of climate change by extension agents. Agricola 6:39–43Google Scholar
  23. Nachmany M, Fankhauser S, Davidova J, Kingsmill N, Tucker L, Hitomi R, Schleifer P, Setzer J, Amelia S, Singleton CS, Sundaresan J, Townsend T (2015) Climate change legislation in Nigeria: an excerpt from the 2015 global climate legislation study, a review of climate change legislation in 99 countries. Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and Environment. www.lse.ac.uk/Granthaminstitute/legislation/
  24. Nwabueze C, Nnaemeka F, Umeora D (2015) Nigerian newspapers’ coverage of climate change issues. Eur Sci J 11(17):171–184Google Scholar
  25. Oladejo JA (2013) Comparative analysis of factors influencing quantity of maize marketed among agricultural household in Oyo and Osun states, Nigeria. Eur Centre Res Train Develop 1(1):1–16Google Scholar
  26. Oladipo E (2010) Towards enhancing the adaptive capacity of Nigeria: a review of the country’s state of preparedness for climate change adaptation. Report submitted to Heinrich Boll Foundation, Nigeria, pp 1–44Google Scholar
  27. Olagunju TE (2015) Drought, desertification and the Nigerian environment: a review. J Ecol Nat Environ 7(7):196–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Oyedele OJ (2017) Climate change information sources and knowledge, attitudes and practices of farmers in South-Western Nigeria. An unpublished PhD thesis, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria, pp 1–173Google Scholar
  29. Oyedele OJ (2015) Climate change communication research: trends and implications. Afr J Sustain Develop 5(1):239–255Google Scholar
  30. Shishi KP, Sashidharan RN, Nazry Y, Jeannot AK (2015) An integrated model of the likelihood and extent of adoption of green practices in small and medium sized logistics firms. Am J Econom 5(2):251–258Google Scholar
  31. Usadolo SE, Caldwel M (2016) A stakeholder approach to community participation in a rural development project. SAGE Open 6(1):1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Weingart P, Engels A, Pansegrau P (2000) Risks of communication: discourses on climate change in science politics, and the mass media. Public Understand Sci 9:261–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Wilcox D (2003) The guide to effective participation. http://www.partnerships.org.uk/guid/index.htm

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mass Communication, Faculty of Social and Management SciencesBowen University IwoOsun StateNigeria

Personalised recommendations