Community-Based Climate Change Adaptation Action Plans to Support Climate-Resilient Development in the Eastern African Highlands

  • Tino JohanssonEmail author
  • Emmah Owidi
  • Sarah Ndonye
  • Sarah Achola
  • Weyessa Garedew
  • Claudia Capitani
Reference work entry


Smallholder farmers in the Eastern African Highlands depend on rain-fed agriculture for their livelihoods. Climate adaptation and sustainable development goals must be targeted in an integrated way to better match farmers’ realities and address local priorities and vulnerabilities in these areas. To support climate-resilient development in the Eastern African Highlands, 224 local stakeholders were engaged in the development of community-based climate change adaptation action plans for the Jimma Highlands in Ethiopia, Taita Hills in Kenya, and Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania. Participatory methods, high-resolution climate projections, and the United Nations Development Programme’s (UNDP’s) guidelines were used in the design of these climate action plans with specific objectives to: (1) engage stakeholders to increase understanding of climate change impacts, adaptation options and their potential trade-offs, (2) build their capacities to design climate change adaptation projects, (3) empower stakeholders to identify existing vulnerabilities and enhance climate resilience, and (4) strengthen networks to facilitate information access and sharing. Increased risk of water stress and reduction of agricultural productivity were the most frequently identified climate-change-induced problems in the three areas. The developed action plans target the underlying causes of these problems and describe sector-specific responses, activities, critical barriers, and opportunities and support the National Adaptation Programmes of Action.


Action plan Adaptation Climate change Eastern Africa Resilience 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tino Johansson
    • 1
    Email author
  • Emmah Owidi
    • 2
  • Sarah Ndonye
    • 2
  • Sarah Achola
    • 2
  • Weyessa Garedew
    • 3
  • Claudia Capitani
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Geosciences and GeographyUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.International Centre of Insect Physiology and EcologyNairobiKenya
  3. 3.Jimma University College of Agriculture and Veterinary MedicineJimmaEthiopia
  4. 4.Environment DepartmentUniversity of YorkYorkUK

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