Water Harvesting Technology for Enhancing Food Security Livelihood: The Case of Northern Katsina State, Nigeria

  • S. JariEmail author
  • M. Muntaka
  • R. T. Nabinta
Reference work entry


Rising population density, high rainfall variability, and depletion of natural resources, particularly of soils and water, continue to accelerate desertification and low crop productivity in the Sahel zone of Katsina State (12°15′N 7°30′E), Nigeria. This study was conducted at 10 communities across Dutsin-Ma, Safana, Kurfi, and Batsari local government areas of Katsina State during the rainy season of 2015. The objectives of the study were to ascertain the effects of Zaï pit (planting pit) density/ha and addition of organic matter in enhancing sorghum yield, food security, livelihood, and reclaiming of degraded land. Ten farmers (one each from the communities) were purposively selected from the study area and given induction course on Zaï pit technology, and the skills acquired were applied in their farms. Treatment consisting of Zaï pit (15,000/ha) and addition of organic matter significantly increases all the yield parameters and yield of sorghum in both mother (researcher managed) and daughter (farmer managed) trials. Increasing the number of Zaï pit above 15,000/ha reduces the catchment area for runoff and total rainfall harvested which consequently reduces yield. All the 10 farmers that participated in the project recorded a significant increase of over 200% in sorghum yield when they adopted Zaï pit and with the addition of organic matter. The type of organic matter used does not have significant effect on sorghum yield. For sustainable assurance against crop failure due to drought and enhancing crop yield, food security, income, and livelihood in the study area, it is recommended that farmers should adopt Zaï pit technology (15,000/ha) in combination with 10 t of organic matter.


Zaï pit Organic matter Degraded land Food security Livelihood 



The authors wish to appreciate the funding support provided by the Tertiary Institutions Trust Fund (TETFUND) and authorities of FUDMA for this study.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Crop Production and ProtectionFederal University Dutsin-Ma Katsina StateKatsinaNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural SociologyFederal University Dutsin-MaKatsina StateNigeria

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