Advertisement

Agriculture in the Face of Climate-Mediated Flooding in Tropical Africa: Technical Innovations of Fish Farmers in Southwestern Nigeria

  • Oyediran O. OyebolaEmail author
  • Jackson Efitre
  • Augustine E. Falaye
  • Taiwo M. Dada
  • Funmilayo C. Idowu
Reference work entry

Abstract

Agriculture is highly vulnerable to climate change in tropical Africa. Climate change-mediated floods (CCMF) impact negatively on fish farming, with consequences on food security. The need for technical innovations for sustainable fish farming despite CCMF necessitated this study. Three most famous but flood-prone fish farming states (Lagos, Ogun, Oyo) in Southwestern Nigeria were sampled for fish farmers with on-farm experience of CCMF but still farming. Respondents were sampled for practiced technical adaptive initiatives for sustenance of fish farming despite CCMF, using interview, group discussion, and field visits. All encountered respondents operated pond fish farming system. The respondents reported that CCMF was unpredictable and have increased from 2012 to 2016. Fourteen encountered adaptive technical innovations based on single/combined diverse techniques of pond fencing, pond embankment modifications, netting and caging, pond slope manipulations, and riverbank modification. Innovations were 35.7% state-shared and 64.3% state-specific.

Climate change-mediated flood threatens fish farming but can be technically mitigated using the identified innovations or their modifications in flood-prone fish farming communities in tropical African countries.

Keywords

Climate risks Adaptive innovations Flood Fish farming Food security 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors acknowledge the CIRCLE program of the Association of Commonwealth Universities and DFID, UK, for funding support.

References

  1. ActionAid (2006) Climate change, urban flooding and the rights of the urban poor in African cities; key findings from six African cities. A Report by ActionAid international, October 2006. http://www.actionaid.org/sites/files/actionaid/climate_change_urban_flooding_and_the_rights_of_the_urban_poor_in_africa.pdf. Accessed 20 June 2018
  2. Adebayo K, Dauda TO, Rikko LS et al. (2011) Emerging and Indigenous Technology for Climate Change Adaptation in Southwest Nigeria. ATPS Working paper series No. 56. African Technology Policy Studies Network. Nairobi, Kenya. https://searchworks.stanford.edu/view/10329439. Accessed 22 June 2018
  3. Adebo GM, Ayelari TA (2011) Climate change and vulnerability of fish farmers in southwestern Nigeria. Afr J Agric Res 6(18):4230–4238Google Scholar
  4. AWDR, African Water Development Report (2006) Freshwater resources in Africa. http://www.uneca.org/awich/AWDR%202006/Freshwater%20Resources%20in%20Africa.pdf. Accessed 20 April 2018
  5. Akintola EO (1994) Flooding phenomenon in Ibadan region. Rex Charles Publication, Ibadan, pp 244–255Google Scholar
  6. Ayanwuyi E, Kuponiyi E, Ogunlade FA et al (2010) Farmers perception of impact of climate changes on food crop production in Ogbomosho agricultural zone of Oyo state, Nigeria. Global J Hum Soc Sci 10(7):33–39Google Scholar
  7. Bates BC, Kundzewicz ZW, Wu S et al (eds) (2008) Climate change and water. Technical paper of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. IPCC Secretariat, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  8. Bevan J (2007). Between a rock and hard place: armed violence in African pastoral communities. www.undp.org/cpr/documents/armed_violence/AV_pastoral_communities.pdf. Retrieved on 6 Nov 2017
  9. Bordoloi R, Muzaddadi AU (2014) Indigenous technical knowledge associated with disaster management and fisheries related activities in the highest flood affected district (Dhemaji) of Assam, India. Ind J Trad Knowl 14(3):407–415Google Scholar
  10. BBC News. British Broadcasting Cooperation (2007). Rains threaten food hit Africa. Saturday, 15 September. Available at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/6994995.stm#anchor. Accessed April 2018
  11. Constantinescu A, Frone S (2014) The role of technological innovation in sustainable economic development. J Knowl Manag Econ Inf Technol 4:13–17Google Scholar
  12. Dinesh D, Bett B, Boone R, et al. (2015). Impact of climate change on African agriculture: focus on pests and diseases. CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Copenhagen, Denmark. www.ccafs.cgiar.org. Accessed 8 Mar 2018
  13. Eriksen S, O’Brien K, Rosentrater L (2008) Climate change in Eastern and Southern Africa; impacts, vulnerability and adaptation. Global Environmental Change and Human Security Report 2008:2. http://www.bvsde.paho.org/bvsacd/cd68/climafrica.pdf. Accessed 2 June 2018
  14. European Institute of Innovation and Technology, EIT (2013). Analysis of synergies fostered by the EIT in EU innovation landscape. www.eit.europa.eu. Accessed 24 Dec 2017
  15. Falaye AE (2013) Status of aquaculture in Nigeria AU- IBAR Expert Planning Meeting on Aquaculture Development in Africa Mangochi, Malawi, 8–9 March 2013Google Scholar
  16. Fokkema J, Jansen L, Mulder K et al (2005) Sustainability: necessity for a prosperous society. Int J Sustain 6:219–228Google Scholar
  17. FAO, Food and Agriculture Organisation (2008) The state of the world fisheries and aquaculture-Sofia 2008. Fisheries and Aquaculture Department FAO, Rome. www.fao.org/docrep/fao. Accessed 14 Jan 2018
  18. FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization (2011) Guidelines for measuring household and individual dietary diversity. FAO Rome. http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/wa_workshop/docs/FAO-guidelines-dietary-diversity2011.pdf. Accessed 18 Dec 2017
  19. FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization (2003) World Agriculture Towards 2015/2030. http://www.fao.org/documents/show_cdr.asp?url_file=/docrep/004/y3557e/y3557e00.htm Accessed 19 Nov 2017
  20. FAO. Food and Agriculture Organization (2015) Assessing climate change vulnerability in fisheries and aquaculture: Available methodologies and their relevance for the sector, by Cecile Brugère and Cassandra De Young. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 597. Rome, Italy. www.fao.org/3/a-i5109e.pdf. Accessed 10 June 2018
  21. FAO. Food and Agriculture Organization (2016) The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2016. Contributing to food security and nutrition for all. Rome. www.fao.org/3/a-i5555e.pdf. Accessed 20 Dec 2017
  22. Faturoti EO (1999) Fisheries potentials and investment opportunities in Nigeria. A paper presented at the Fisheries Society of Nigeria (FISON) Investors Workshop held at the Nigerian Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research (NIOMR), Lagos, Nigeria, 22 April 1999Google Scholar
  23. Freeman OE (2017) Impact of climate change on aquaculture and fisheries in Nigeria; a review. Intl J Multidiscip Res Devpt 4(1):53–59Google Scholar
  24. Ficke AD, Myrick CA, Hansen LJ (2007) Potential impacts of global climate change on freshwater fisheries. Rev Fish Biol Fis 17(4):581–613CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hély C, Bremond L, Alleaume S et al (2006) Sensitivity of African biomes to changes in the precipitation regime. Glob Ecol Biogeog 15:258–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Henry P (2006) Levees and other raised ground. Am Sci 94(1):7–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ibadan Urban Flood Management Project, IUFMP (2014) Environmental and social management framework. The World Bank IBRD. IDA. http://projects.worldbank.org/P130840?lang=en. Accessed 14 Feb 2018
  28. Idowu AA, Ayoola SO, Opele AI et al (2011) Impact of climate change in Nigeria. Iranica J of Ener Environ 2(2):145–152Google Scholar
  29. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC, (TAR) (2001) Third assessment report (TAR) of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Parts 1, 2 and 3 synthesis report and policy makers summaries. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UKGoogle Scholar
  30. IPCC, 2007: Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Core Writing Team, Pachauri, R.K and Reisinger, A. (eds.)]. IPCC, Geneva, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
  31. Ipinjolu JK, Magawata I, Shinkafi BA (2014) Potential impact of climate change on fisheries and aquaculture in Nigeria. J Fisher & Aquat Sci 9:338–344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Makhanu SK, Oteng’i SBB, China SS et al (2007) Indigenous Construction Technologies in Flood-Prone Areas of Western Kenya. Centre for Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance (CDMHA), Western University College of Science and Technology, Kenya. pp 1–11Google Scholar
  33. Michael FO, Stephen OO (2017) ICT-based market information services utilization by small scale farmers in Southwest Nigeria. Rep & Opin 9(2):82–85Google Scholar
  34. Mintzer R (2010) Destroying mangroves in West Africa detrimental to people, climate, and wildlife. Media Global, March 25, 2010Google Scholar
  35. NEMA, National Emergency Management Agency (2013) Nigeria Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) 2012 Floods: A report by The Federal Government of Nigeria. https://www.gfdrr.org/sites/gfdrr/files/NIGERIA_PDNA_PRINT_05_29_2013_WEB.pdf. Accessed 2 Jan 2017
  36. New M (2016) Understanding, reducing and managing African climate risk. www.axa.com
  37. Nkwunonwo UC (2016) A review of flooding and flood risk reduction in Nigeria. Glob J Hum-Soc Sc 16(2):22–42Google Scholar
  38. Oladokun OJ, Adedara TM, Adedadamola JO (2015) Tourism and climate change: combating climate change effects on tourism participation in Nigeria. J Tour, Hospit Spo 5:1–6Google Scholar
  39. Olaifa FE (2015). Food security: the perspective of aquaculture and fisheries. 2014/2015 Faculty lecture, Faculty of Agriculture & Forestry, University of Ibadan, delivered on 20 May, 2015. Ibadan University Press. 58ppGoogle Scholar
  40. Oyebola OO, Fada PO (2017). Climate change: a potential risk to cage-culture and genetic structure of endemic fisheries in fish cage installed inland lake. African Great Lake Conference 2017, Entebbe, Uganda. 2–5 May, 2017Google Scholar
  41. Policy Brief (2012). Floods in Nigeria; Re-visiting States Accountability on Emergency Response/Preparedness and Disaster Risk Reduction in Nigeria. http://www.actionaid.org/sites/files/actionaid/climate_change_urban_flooding_and_the_rights_of_the_urban_poor_in_africa.pdf. Accessed 20 June 2018
  42. Rennings K (1999) Redefining innovation – eco-innovation research and the contribution from ecological economics. Ecol Econs 32:319–332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Sasson A (2012) Food security for Africa: an urgent global challenge. Agric & Food Sec 2012(1):2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Shafie H, Rahman S (2009) Traditional coping strategies of rural people living in flood-prone areas in north-West Bangladesh. Rangpur Dinajpur Rural Service (RDRS), DhakaGoogle Scholar
  45. Tagbo E (2010) Media coverage of climate change in Africa: a case study of Nigeria and South Africa. Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, University of Oxford. pp 2–3Google Scholar
  46. Tawari-Fufeyin P, Megbuwe P, Adams OG (2015) Some aspects of historic flooding in Nigeria and its effects on some Niger-Delta communities. Am J Wat Res 3(1):7–16Google Scholar
  47. Von GK, Headey D, Bene C et al (2013) Global hunger index: the challenge of hunger: building resilience to achieve food and nutrition security. Welthungerhife, International Food Policy Research Institute, and Concern Worldwide, Bonn/Washington, DC/DublinGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© This is a U.S. government work and not under copyright protection in the U.S.; foreign copyright protection may apply 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oyediran O. Oyebola
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jackson Efitre
    • 2
  • Augustine E. Falaye
    • 1
  • Taiwo M. Dada
    • 1
  • Funmilayo C. Idowu
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Aquaculture and Fisheries ManagementUniversity of IbadanIbadanNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Zoology, Entomology and Fisheries SciencesMakerere UniversityKampalaUganda
  3. 3.National Biotechnology Development AgencyOgbomosoNigeria

Personalised recommendations