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Climate Change: Depression in Egg Production in Chickens During the Hot Season with Long-Term Honey Administration

  • M. O. AbiojaEmail author
  • M. O. Adekunle
Reference work entry

Abstract

Effect of climate change on poultry production is becoming more evident globally, with resultant elevation on environmental temperature. Honey has been reputed for alleviation of detrimental effects of heat stress in laying pullets. The effect of honey on egg production (EP) and organs in laying pullets during the hot-dry season was determined. Pullets (aged 28 weeks) were randomly assigned to 3 doses of honey: 0 (0H), 10 (10H), and 20 ml honey (20H)/L water for 16 weeks, divided into 4 phases. Honey had a significant (P < 0.01) effect on EP in Phase 1. Birds in 20H produced more eggs than birds in CONTROL (0H). EP in 10H chickens was not however (P > 0.05) different from those in CONTROL. In Phase 2, the effect of honey on EP was significant (P < 0.05). Chickens in 10H had lower EP than in the CONTROL and 20H groups. EP in birds in CONTROL and 20H was not different. Phases 3 and 4 show significantly (P < 0.05) lower EP in honey groups than CONTROL. Honey had a significant (P < 0.05) effect on the relative weight of the ovary and the whole reproductive tract and the number of yellow and deformed follicles with birds in 20H recording poorer values. Long-term administration of honey during the hot-dry season caused reproductive organ atrophy. Farmers should not extend the use of honey beyond 4 weeks.

Keywords

Egg Chickens Follicles Yolk Heat stress Global-warming 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Animal PhysiologyCollege of Animal Science and Livestock Production, Federal University of AgricultureAbeokutaNigeria

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