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Herdsmen on the Move: The Burdens of Climate Change and Environmental Migration in Nigeria

  • Toyib AremuEmail author
  • Praise Abraham
Reference work entry

Abstract

The changes occurring in the climate, such as rainfall pattern change, can induce human (and animal) migration as a form of adaptive strategy especially by families that are agricultural or natural-resources dependent. Climate change is a global concern now that different countries including Nigeria are living in the reality of its impacts. These impacts are felt more in northern Nigeria (the arid region) where there is an evident ecological decline resulting in drought and desertification. Herders from this region, who are predominantly into cattle rearing as a source of wealth and livelihood, are forced to embark on a north–south migration in response to drought and unavailability of forage and water to feed their cows. Often, however, this change of environment is characterized by conflicts between migrating herdsmen and receiving communities for various reasons including competition emanating from scarcity of natural resources. This review is relevant at this time of a national debate in Nigeria on finding the right policies to abate the continuous clashes between herdsmen and farmers. The paper assesses migration in the context of climate change, the challenges associated with migration of herdsmen, the mutual cooperation that existed between herdsmen and farmers, and the conflict that now characterize their relationship.

Keywords

Environmental migration Climate change Natural resources Conflict Herdsmen Farmers Nigeria 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Sustainability, Centre for Sustainable DevelopmentUniversity of IbadanIbadanNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Social Sustainability, Centre for Sustainable DevelopmentUniversity of IbadanIbadanNigeria

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