Drivers of Deforestation and Land-Use Change in Southwest Nigeria

  • Mayowa FasonaEmail author
  • Peter Adegbenga Adeonipekun
  • Oludare Agboola
  • Akinlabi Akintuyi
  • Adedoyin Bello
  • Oluwatoyin Ogundipe
  • Alabi Soneye
  • Ademola Omojola
Reference work entry


Land-based mitigation presents viable mechanism for offsetting carbon deficits from land-use change-driven emissions especially in areas with relatively large lowland forests. This chapter reviews key issues about the drivers of land-use change, deforestation, and forest degradation. It also presented a case assessment of perception on drivers of land-use change and deforestation using rapid appraisal data collected from 108 households and 57 forest resource users in 17 purposively selected peri-urban and rural communities in the forest zone of Southwest Nigeria. From the appraisal, lumbering and polewood extraction, fuelwood and charcoal production, crop cultivation, urban growth, animal grazing, and transportation remain important proximate land-use change, deforestation, and forest degradation drivers. Population increase and poverty are considered the most important underlying drivers. Response to economic opportunities with regard to cash (tree) and commercial arable crops and high local and export demands for wood substantially drive land-use change and deforestation. National climate change actions, natural resource policies, land tenure, international multilateral commitments, and carbon credit frameworks have very little impacts with regard to land-use change in Southwest Nigeria. Lack of alternative livelihoods undermines people’s resilience and further drives deforestation and forest degradation.


Land-use change Deforestation Forest degradation Drivers Alternative livelihood Logging Agriculture Southwest Nigeria 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mayowa Fasona
    • 1
    Email author
  • Peter Adegbenga Adeonipekun
    • 2
  • Oludare Agboola
    • 2
  • Akinlabi Akintuyi
    • 1
  • Adedoyin Bello
    • 3
  • Oluwatoyin Ogundipe
    • 2
  • Alabi Soneye
    • 1
  • Ademola Omojola
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of LagosAkoka-Yaba, LagosNigeria
  2. 2.Department of BotanyUniversity of LagosAkoka-Yaba, LagosNigeria
  3. 3.Department of Urban and Regional PlanningCrescent UniversityAbeokutaNigeria

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