Advertisement

Domestic Water and Disaster Management Legislation: A Key Tool for the Implementation of the Paris Agreement in LDCs

  • Tales Carvalho ResendeEmail author
Reference work entry

Abstract

Least developed countries (LDCs) are at the forefront of the impacts of climate change although they have contributed little to it. Climate change will most likely result in more extreme weather events such as floods, droughts, and tropical storms. These water-related disasters account nowadays for approximately 90% of the thousand most devastating events, and around 95% of fatalities from such events occur in LDCs. An adequate domestic legal framework in LDCs is thus crucial to address the issues of climate change and water-related disasters as they set the baseline to implement mitigation and adaptation measures. Contemporary water and disaster management legislation reform has been inspired by climate change concerns – overtly or covertly. These concerns translate into a panoply of responses, mostly regulatory, which have no ostensible, direct connection to climate change as such yet serve the purpose all the same. By examining LDCs’ water and disaster management domestic laws and policies, and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), this article aims to critically assess whether LDCs’ legal framework facilitates an adequate response to the primary impacts of climate change and thus support the implementation of the Paris Agreement.

Keywords

Domestic legislation Water Disaster management Paris Agreement LDCs 

References

  1. Burchi S (2007) Balancing development and environmental conservation and protection of the water resource base – the “greening” of water laws. FAO Legal Paper Online #66, June 2007Google Scholar
  2. Cran M, Durand V (2015) Review of the integration of water within the intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) for COP21. French Water PartnershipGoogle Scholar
  3. D’Andrea A (2017) The greening of water law: why and how we should modernize legislation for the environment. The International Water Law Project Blog. Accessed at: http://www.internationalwaterlaw.org/blog/
  4. GCCA (2016) Linking (I) NDCs to national development strategies and other climate plans. Accessed at: http://www.gcca.eu/sites/default/files/ip_1.pdf
  5. GEF (2014) Adaptation to climate change – The Least Developed Countries Fund: Review of the Implementation of NAPAs. Global Environment Facility (GEF) Independent Evaluation Office. Accessed at: https://www.gefieo.org/sites/default/files/ieo/evaluations/ldcf-napa.pdf
  6. GFDRR (2018) Lao People’s Democratic Republic. Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery. Accessed at: https://www.gfdrr.org/lao-peoples-democratic-republic
  7. GLOBE (2015) 2015 global climate legislation study: a review of climate change legislation in 99 countriesGoogle Scholar
  8. Gurdak J, Leblanc M, Aureli A, Carvalho Resende T, Faedo G, Green T, Tweed S, Longuevergne L, Allen D, Elliott J, Taylor R, Conti K (2015) Groundwater and climate change: mitigating the global groundwater crisis and adapting to climate change. UNESCO International Hydrological Programme (IHP), ParisGoogle Scholar
  9. Nanni M (2012) Legislation as a tool in support of adaptive water management in response to climate change. Water Int 37(6):628–639CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. O’Brien, O’Keefe P, Rose J, Wisner B (2006) Climate change and disaster management. Disasters 30(1):64–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Olleta A (2010) An overview of common trends in the water legislation of selected jurisdictions. Water law for the twenty-first century, pp 11Google Scholar
  12. Rossi R, Miola A (2017) Adaptation measures in intended nationally determined contribution from Small Island developing states and least developed countries: an analysis of communicated costs and information exhuastiveness. Joint Research Centre Technical Reports. Publications Office of the European Union. Accessed at: https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/publication/adaptation-measures-intended-nationally-determined-contributions-small-island-developing-states-and
  13. UNFCCC (2013) Report of the Conference of the Parties on its nineteenth session, held in Warsaw from 11 to 23 November 2013. Decision 2Google Scholar
  14. UNFCCC (2015) Compilation of information on nationally appropriate mitigation actions to be implemented by developing country PartiesGoogle Scholar
  15. UNFCCC (2016) Aggregate effect of the intended nationally determined contributions: an update. Synthesis reportGoogle Scholar
  16. UNFCCC (2018b) INDCs as communicated by Parties. Accessed at: http://www4.unfccc.int/submissions/indc/Submission%20Pages/submissions.aspx
  17. van der Gun J (2012) Groundwater and global change: trends, opportunities and challenges. The United Nations World Water Development Report – No. 4Google Scholar
  18. Weiss EB (2011) Evolution of international environmental law (2011), 54 Japanese Y.B. Intl. L., pp 1–27Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of StrathclydeGlasgowUK

Personalised recommendations