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Climate Change and Coastal Resilience in Nigeria

  • Mosunmola Lydia AdelekeEmail author
  • Bosede Olufunmilayo Akinwalere
  • Kehinde Oluwatosin Olajubu
  • Gbenga Emmanuel Onibi
Reference work entry

Abstract

Nigerian coast is likely to experience severe effects from flooding due to its geography, climate, vegetation, soils, economic structure, population and settlement, energy demands, and agricultural activities. In this chapter, case study and secondary data were mainly used to assess the effect of flooding and resilience provided as a result of the impacts of climate change in all the eight coastal states in the country in recent years. The result revealed that flooding has effect on the water quality, species distribution, physiology, and population of the aquatic organism in the coastal areas of the country. However, the ecosystem is greatly predisposed and the livelihood of the coastal communities was swayed, hence food insecurity, the fisherfolk in the study area have various inadvertent and intentional adaptation strategies adopted for maximum fish production/catch. It is therefore recommended that Nigeria coastal communities develop local adaptation strategies such as construction of canals and channels, seawalls, and dikes to protect their houses and farms and sustain their livelihoods against climate change and flood disasters.

Keywords

Climate change Coastal resilience Flood disaster Vulnerable and Nigeria 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mosunmola Lydia Adeleke
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bosede Olufunmilayo Akinwalere
    • 2
  • Kehinde Oluwatosin Olajubu
    • 1
  • Gbenga Emmanuel Onibi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture TechnologyFUTAAkureNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural Extension and CommunicationFUTA, The Federal University of TechnologyAkureNigeria
  3. 3.Department of Animal Production and HealthFUTA, The Federal University of TechnologyAkureNigeria

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