Potential of Smart Aquaculture Technologies on Improving Fish Production in Malawi

  • M. MulumpwaEmail author
Reference work entry


The effects of climate change have not only affected crop production in Malawi but also aquaculture (fish farming). Aquaculture in Malawi begun in as early as 1906 with the culture of rainbow trout for angling. In 1956/1957 pond culture of indigenous species (Oreochromis shiranus and Tilapia rendalli) begun. However, most of wetlands, rivers, and streams that were perennial and could be diverted for the purpose of fish farming are becoming annual. This scenario has made fish farming increasingly becoming a challenge in areas that were once suitable for the enterprise, as fish ponds are drying up annually due to lack of adequate water supply. This is defeating the potential of fish farming in successfully supplementing the declining fish catches from capture fisheries on the market.

Rainwater harvest can be adopted for fish farming to do away with a problem of water availability throughout the year. Integrated aquaculture agriculture systems are also known to increase resilience of fish farming to climate change. Cage culture is another technology that can improve fish farming in the face of climate change. Cage culture enables fish farmers to overcome the problem of ponds drying up by culturing the fish in perennial water bodies such as lakes, dams, and rivers in confinements.


Cage culture Rainwater harvest Aquaculture Climate change Food security Malawi 


  1. Bulirani A, Pålsson OK, Banda MC, Weyl OLF, Kanyerere GZ, Manase MM, Sipawe RD (1999) Fish stocks and fisheries of Malawian waters: resource report. Government of Malawi, Fisheries Department, Fisheries Resource Unit, Lilongwe. 54ppGoogle Scholar
  2. Chopin T, Robinson S (2004) Defining the appropriate regulatory and policy framework for the development of integrated multi-trophic aquaculture practices: introduction to the workshop and positioning of the issues. Bull Aquac Assoc Can 104(3):4–10Google Scholar
  3. Department of Fisheries (2012) National fisheries policy 2012–2017. Fisheries Department, LilongweGoogle Scholar
  4. FAO (2005) Aquaculture production, 2004. Year book of Fishery Statistics - Vol.96/2. Food and Agriculture organization of the United Nations, Rome, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  5. Government of Malawi (GoM) (2012) Annual frame survey 2012. Fisheries Department, LilongweGoogle Scholar
  6. Kanyerere GZ (2003) Age, growth and yield-per-recruit analysis of ndunduma, Diplotaxodon limnothrissa (Teleostei: Cichlidae), in the Southeast Arm of Lake Malawi. MSc thesis, Rhodes University, GrahamstownGoogle Scholar
  7. Moehl J, Brummett R, Boniface Mk, Cohre A (2006) Guiding principles for promoting aquaculture in Africa: Benchmarks for sustainable development, RomeGoogle Scholar
  8. National Fisheries and Aquaculture Policy (NFAP) (2016) 2nd edn. Department of Fisheries, LilongweGoogle Scholar
  9. Russel A, Dobson T (2008) Adaptive organizational learning framework for resilience in fisheries co-management: based on an analysis of fisheries regime in Malawi. World Fish Centre, CairoGoogle Scholar
  10. Yaron G, Mangani R, Mlava J, Kambewa P, Makungwa P, Mtethiwa A, Munthali S, Mgoola W, Kazembe J (2010) Economic valuation of sustainable natural resource use in Malawi. Ministry of Finance and Development Planning, LilongweGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sengabay Fisheries Research CentreSalimaMalawi

Personalised recommendations