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Multidimensional Framework for Achieving Sustainable and Resilient Food Systems in Nigeria

  • Kyle Frankel DavisEmail author
  • Olawale Emmanuel Olayide
Reference work entry

Abstract

Africa faces the grand challenge of feeding a growing, more affluent population in the coming decades while reducing the environmental burden of agriculture. Approaches that integrate food security and environmental goals offer promise for achieving a more sustainable and resilient food system for the continent and for adapting to a changing climate. Here we outline a multidimensional framework to be applied to the case of staple crop production in Nigeria with the eventual intended purpose being to inform sustainable and resilient food security pathways for the country. This chapter begins by presenting a broad overview of global food security challenges and distant and local drivers of food production decision-making, with the focus of then turning toward the food security and sustainability issues facing sub-Saharan Africa and Nigeria. The chapter then introduces a novel international collaboration focusing on food security and sustainability in Nigeria – the Assessing Climate Resilient and Nutritious Crops (CRENUT) project – the primary aim of which is to link stakeholder involvement, technical expertise, and multiple types of information to achieve policy-relevant research outputs that can enhance science-based agricultural decision-making in Nigeria. This project will follow a set of five key steps to move from basic scientific discovery to its application through agricultural policy: (1) in-depth understanding of stakeholder priorities and goals; (2) an assessment of data needs, data availability, and options for data generation; (3) analysis to develop strategies to align multiple goals and to fully understand the potential co-benefits or trade-offs associated with a particular agricultural policy; (4) identification of policy mechanisms by which the desired food security and sustainability outcomes can be achieved; and (5) the transfer of this collective knowledge to inform science-based decision-making related to agriculture and food security. In doing so, this chapter present a universal approach that can be used to identify a host of desirable policy pathways which, if pursued, can promote the sustainable development of Nigeria’s agricultural sector and can realize co-benefits for nutrition, rural livelihoods, and climate change adaptation.

Keywords

Sustainability Climate change Food security Water resources Greenhouse gas emissions Rural livelihoods Agricultural policy Food prices Diets Nutrition 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kyle Frankel Davis
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Olawale Emmanuel Olayide
    • 4
  1. 1.The Earth InstituteColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.The Nature ConservancyNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Data Science InstituteColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Centre for Sustainable DevelopmentUniversity of IbadanIbadanNigeria

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