Advertisement

Introduction of a Biodiversity Farming Concept in Amuru District, Uganda

  • Nyeko Pen-MogiEmail author
  • Martine Nyeko
Reference work entry

Abstract

It is difficult to abandon farming systems that a community has developed for years in favor of a new system. In northern Uganda, the major crops grown in the area are annual food and cash crops. These crops are millet, rice, sorghum, simsim, cotton, tobacco, and many others. These crops are highly susceptible to tree shades. This means for every acre of land opened for these crops, an equal acre of land must be cleared of trees. With the advent of climate change vulnerability, rain-fed agricultural practices, especially in annual seasonal agroecological regions like those in northern Uganda, are no longer sustainable.

It is against this background that there is urgent need to introduce a new biodiversity farming concepts to the communities in the region. This work describes how instructors from regions where perennial food and cash crops such as banana, oil palm, coffee, and fruit trees including the high-value horticultural crops help introduce these crops in northern Uganda. The paper describes the adaptation and adoption of the new environmentally friendly farming systems of growing high-value horticultural crops such as tomatoes, cabbages, bananas, onions, Irish potatoes, and watermelon. The next strategy is to introduce perennial food and cash crops such as banana, coffee, cocoa, palm oil, and other fruit trees under agroforestry farming systems aimed at preserving existing forests and planting and establishing new forests.

Keywords

Adaptation Adoption Climate change mitigation Biodiversity farming system High-value crops Perennial crops 

References

  1. Deininger K, Okidi J (2001) Growth and poverty reduction in Uganda, 1992–2000. Panel data evidence. World Bank, Economic Policy Research Centre, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  2. Falkenmark M, Rockstrom I (2004) Balancing water for man and nature: the new approach to eco-hydrology. EarthScan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. FAO (2006) Global food security, biodiversity conservation and the future of agricultural intensification. FAO report. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  4. Flattini F (2009) In: Acker D, Gasperini L (eds) Education for rural people. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  5. Forestry Policy (2001) Uganda forestry policy. Ministry of Water, Lands and EnvironmentGoogle Scholar
  6. Franzel AR (1999) Socioeconomic factors affecting the adoption of potential of improved tree fallows in Africa. Agrofor Syst 47(1–3):305–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. IPCC (2007) Climate change 2007: adaptation and vulnerability, contribution of Working Group II to the 4th Assessment Report of the IPCC. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  8. Juma C (2011) The new harvest, agricultural innovation in Africa. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. Kaduru R (2011) Is anyone listening? Strategies for eradicating poverty in LDCs. The Fourth UN Conference on the Least Developed Countries, 2011: Civil Society Forum sessionGoogle Scholar
  10. Kameri-Mbote P (2007) Navigating peace: water, conflict and cooperation: lessons from the Nile Basin. www.nilewater.org/water
  11. Leliveld A, Diez T, Foeken D, Klaver W (2013) Agriculture dynamics and food security tends in Uganda: developmental regimes in Africa (DRA) Project. ASC-AFCA collaborative research group: Agro-food clusters in Africa (AFCA). Research report 2013-ASC-2. Agro-Food Clusters in Africa (AFCA) report, London/Leiden, December 2013Google Scholar
  12. Mafabi P (2014) Daily Monitor News Paper, March 19th 2014Google Scholar
  13. Ministry of Energy (2014) Tree resources: looking at the future of biomass sector. Daily Monitor Publications, Sunday 14th December 2014Google Scholar
  14. Mwangi HM, Mbugua SK (2017) Personal communication in Muranga, KenyaGoogle Scholar
  15. Nair PKR (2003) Carbon sequestration potential of agroforestry systems. Opportunities and challenges. Advances in agroforestry no. 8. Springer, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  16. National Census Report (2001) Organic agriculture, environment and food security. In: Nadia ES, Hattam C (eds) Environment and natural resources services sustainable development department. Uganda Printing and Publishing Corporation, EntebbeGoogle Scholar
  17. National Forestry Plan (2002) Republic of Uganda, National Forestry Plan: Ministry of Water, Lands and Environment, October 2002Google Scholar
  18. NEMA (2008) State of the environment report. National Environment Management Authority, Ministry of Water and Environment, KampalaGoogle Scholar
  19. Nicol A, Langan S, Victor M, Gonsalves J (2015) Water –smart agriculture in East Africa, Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI). CGIAR research program on water, land and ecosystems (WLE). Global Water Initiative East Africa (GWI), Kampala, 352pGoogle Scholar
  20. Nyeko JHP (2009) Environmental mitigation and regeneration through sustainable farming and food security. Sci Res Assay 4(8):773–779Google Scholar
  21. Okidi J, Mugambe GK (2002) An overview of chronic poverty and development policy in Uganda. EPRC working paper 11. Chronic Poverty Research Centre, ManchesterGoogle Scholar
  22. Place F, Dewees P (1999) Policies and incentives for the adoption of improved fallows. Agrofor Syst 47(1–3):323–343CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Plan for Modernization of Agriculture (2000) Eradicating poverty in Uganda. Ministry of Agriculture and Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development, KampalaGoogle Scholar
  24. Poverty Eradication Action Plan (2000) Poverty Eradication Action Plan is a comprehensive development framework for economic growth in Uganda, Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and FisheriesGoogle Scholar
  25. Poverty Eradication Programme (2001) Poverty Eradication Action Plan is a comprehensive development framework for economic growth in Uganda, Miistry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and FisheriesGoogle Scholar
  26. Ssewanyana S (2010) Combating chronic poverty in Uganda: towards a new strategy: EPRC. Research series 67 MIO2-10. Economic Policy Research Centre, KampalaGoogle Scholar
  27. Ssewanyana S, Bategeka L (2007) Chronic poverty and economic growth in Uganda: the role of markets: EPRC. Makerere UniversityGoogle Scholar
  28. Ssewanyana S, Kasirye I (2013) The dynamics of poverty income in Uganda, Economic Policy Research Centre, occasional paper No 35, Makerere UniversityGoogle Scholar
  29. UN (2015) Millennium development goals report 2015. United Nations, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  30. UNDP (2016) United Nations Development Programme; Uganda Annual Report 2016Google Scholar
  31. Vision 2025 (1999) Strategic framework for national development by Uganda. National Long Term Perspective Studies Project (Uganda), KampalaGoogle Scholar
  32. Young A (1997) Agroforestry for soil management. International Centre for Research in Agroforestry, WallingfordGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Gulu UniversityGuluUganda
  2. 2.Faculty of Agriculture and EnvironmentGulu UniversityGuluUganda

Personalised recommendations