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Electrochromic Polymers for Solar Cells

  • Suru Vivian John
  • Emmanuel I. Iwuoha
Living reference work entry
Part of the Polymers and Polymeric Composites: A Reference Series book series (POPOC)

Abstract

Electrochromic materials have attracted a lot of research interest for their fascinating spectro-electrochemical properties and commercial applications. A large number of inorganic and organic electrochromic materials ranging from transition metal oxides, metal coordination complexes, viologen systems, and conducting polymers are available. Electrochromic conducting polymers are exciting new class of electronic materials with a huge potential in the rapidly growing area of plastic electronics due to their electronic and optical properties, ease of processing, low-power consumption, flexibility, and low processing cost. They consist of vibrant colors and can be processed under simple ambient temperature. In this chapter, the general field of electrochromism is introduced, with coverage of the classes, operating principle, the experimental methods used in their study, and applications of electrochromic materials. Some of the most important examples of the major classes of electrochromic conducting polymers are highlighted. It surveyed electrochromic conducting polymers with a focus on their chemistry, electrochemistry, stability, and ability to enhance the performance of solar cell device.

List of Abbreviations

DEG

Diethylene glycol

ECD

Electrochromic device

Eg

Band gap

EPR

Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy

FTIR

Fourier transform infra red spectroscopy

HOMO

Highest occupied molecular orbital

ITO

Indium tin oxide

LUMO

Lowest unoccupied molecular orbital

MVRH

Mott variable range hoping

NIR

Near infra red spectroscopy

NMP

N-methylpyrrolidone

PB

Prussian blue

PDMA

Poly (2,5-dimethoxyaniline)

PEDOT

Poly(3,4-(ethylenedioxy)thiophene)

PET

poly(ethylene terephthalate)

UV-Visible

Ultra violate visible spectroscopy

WO3

Tungsten oxide

VTECWs

Variable transmission electrochromic windows

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department Of ChemistryUniversity of the Western CapeBellvilleSouth Africa

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