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Polymer Blends

  • Ibrahim Khan
  • Muhammad Mansha
  • Mohammad Abu Jafar Mazumder
Living reference work entry
Part of the Polymers and Polymeric Composites: A Reference Series book series (POPOC)

Abstract

In this chapter, we have presented different aspects of polymer blends, from fundamentals to the synthesis, physical and chemical properties, and applications. Polymer blends are made from the combination of two or more polymer components, having staggering and incredible applications in numerous fields due to their advanced properties. A brief introduction of the polymer blends about its origination and development is presented in the first part of this chapter; then important polymer blend types and synthesis methods are summarized with a brief discussion about their thermodynamic properties. Different characterization techniques were also discussed which can be used to determine the morphological, structural, chemical, and mechanical properties of these materials. The thermal, mechanical, and electrical properties of different polymer blends are discussed considering some recent applications of polymer blends in different industries.

Keywords

Polymer blends Copolymer Miscibility Morphology Compatibilization Rheology 

List of Abbreviations

ABS

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene

ATRP

Atom transfer radical polymerization

BHJ

Bulk heterojunction

BSA

Bovine serum albumin

CAB

Cellulose butyrate

CAGR

Compound annual growth rate

CMCA/CA

Carboxymethyl cellulose acetate/cellulose acetate

CPs

Conjugated polymers

DEC

Diethylene carbonate

DIM

Direct injection molding

DMA

Dynamic mechanical analysis

DMC

Dimethyl carbonate

DSC

Differential scanning calorimetry

EBA

Ethyl butyl acrylate

EC

Ethylene carbonate

EDLC

Electrochemical double-layer capacitor

EDX

Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy

ELSD

Evaporative light scattering detector

EPDM

Ethylene propylene diene

EVA/SAN

Poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate)/poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile)

GO

Graphene oxide

GPC

Gel permeation chromatography

HDPE

High-density polyethylene

HPLC

High-performance liquid chromatography

IPN

Interpenetrating polymer network

LDPE

Low-density polyethylene

LLDPE

Linear low-density polyethylene

MMMs

Mixed matrix membranes

MMT

Montmorillonite

MW

Molecular weight

NC

Nitrocellulose

NMR

Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy

OCP

Open circuit potential

P(VDF-co-HFP)

Poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropene)

PA

Phosphoric acid

PA 6,6

Polyamide 6,6

PA12

Polyamide-12

PANI-PVC

Polyaniline-polyvinylchloride

PBI

Polybenzimidazole

PBT

Poly(butylene terephthalate)

PCE

Power conversion efficiency

PCL/PLA

Poly ε-caprolactone/poly lactic acid

PDA

Photodiode array detector

PDMAEMA

N,N-dimethylamino-2-ethylmethacrylate

PE

Polyethylene

PEDOT

Poly(3, 4-ethylenedioxythiophene)

PEGF

Polyethylene glycol fumarate

PFCE

Partially fluorinated copolyester

PIM-1

Polymer of Intrinsic Microporosity-1

PIPN

Pseudo-interpenetrating polymer networks

PL

Photoluminescence

PLLA

Poly(l-lactide)

PMMA

Poly(methyl methacrylate)

PMMA/EVA

Poly(methyl methacrylate)/ethylene-co-vinyl acetate

PNMPy

Poly(N-methylpyrrole)

PS

Polystyrene

PSCs

Polymer solar cells

PSF

Polysulfone

PSI

Polydispersity index

PV

Pervaporation

PVA

Poly vinyl alcohol

PVB

Polyvinylbutyral

PVC/EVA

Poly(vinyl chloride)/ethylene-co-vinyl acetate

PVC/SAN

Poly(vinyl chloride)/poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile)

PVdC-AN

Poly(vinylidene chloride-co-acrylonitrile)

PVDF

Polyvinylidene fluoride

PVDF-HFP

Poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoro propylene)

PVOH

Poly(vinyl alcohol)

PVPh

Poly (4-vinylphenol)

SBR

Styrene butadiene rubber

SDCDPS

Disodium 3,30-disulfate-4,40-dichlorodiphenyl sulfone

SEM

Scanning electron microscopy

SFPAE

Sulfonated fluorinated poly(arylene ether)

SIPN

Semi-interpenetrating polymer network

SPEEK

Sulfonated poly(etherethereketone)

SPPU

Sulfonated polyphenylene sulphone

SRNF

Solvent resistance nanofiltration

TEM

Transmission electron microscopy

TGA

Thermogravimetric analysis

THF

Tetrahydrofuran

TMPC

Tetramethyl bisphenol-A polycarbonate

UF

Ultrafiltration

UTM

Universal testing machine

VRFB

Vanadium redox flow battery

XLPE

Cross linked polyethylene

XRD

X-ray diffraction

ZIF

Zeolitic imidazolate framework

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to gratefully acknowledge King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM) for providing excellent research facilities, and Deanship of Scientific Research, KFUPM, Saudi Arabia for financial assistance to carry out this research through internal grant project No. IN161036.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ibrahim Khan
    • 1
  • Muhammad Mansha
    • 1
  • Mohammad Abu Jafar Mazumder
    • 1
  1. 1.Chemistry DepartmentKing Fahd University of Petroleum and MineralsDhahranSaudi Arabia

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