The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Imperialism and Anti-Imperialism

Living Edition
| Editors: Immanuel Ness, Zak Cope

Chinese Imperialism and the World Economy

  • Michael PröbstingEmail author
Living reference work entry



One of the most remarkable developments in world politics in the last two decades has been the rise of China as a great power. Today it is the most important challenger of the USA – the long-time, but now declining, absolute hegemon among the imperialist states – on economic, political, as well as military levels. China’s rise has been the result of the combination of a rapid process of capital accumulation based on the super-exploitation of the domestic working class as well as foreign and internal colonies, the existence of a Stalinist-capitalist one-party dictatorship, China’s foreign policy projects (e.g., the “Belt & Road Initiative”), and the building of a powerful army.


History has experienced repeatedly the rise and fall of Great Powers – the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, or the Ottoman Empire – to name only a few. In...

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© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Editor of www.thecommunists.netViennaAustria