Encyclopedia of Social Insects

Living Edition
| Editors: Christopher K. Starr


  • Claudie DoumsEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90306-4_95-1


Arrhenotoky; Asexual reproduction; Dzierzon’s rule; Thelytoky; Sex determination

All living creatures must reproduce if they are to maximize the transmission of their genes to the next generation. In most animals, including insects, sexual reproduction is the most widespread mode of reproduction. Populations usually consist of diploid individuals (each carrying two sets of chromosomes) of two sexes, so that offspring carry one set inherited from the mother and one from the father (Fig. 1a). Among social insects, this is the system found in termites.
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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut de Systématique, Evolution, Biodiversité (ISYEB), Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, EPHEUniversité des AntillesParisFrance
  2. 2.EPHE, PSL UniversityParisFrance