Encyclopedia of Social Insects

Living Edition
| Editors: Christopher Starr

Subterranean Ants

  • Mark K. L. Wong
  • Benoit GuénardEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90306-4_180-1
One of the most conspicuous ecological patterns in ants, especially in tropical regions, is their vertical stratification into distinct arboreal, ground-surface, and subterranean assemblages. The latter are perhaps the least well studied, regarded by some as a frontier in the study of ant diversity [ 18]. Subterranean ant assemblages harbor a diversity of species with distinct ecologies, including several groups (e.g., Amblyoponinae, Leptaniliane, Martialinae, Proceratiinae) that are evolutionarily distinct from the 90% of species in the formicoid complex [ 21] and which are important for understanding the early evolution and diversification of ants after the Cretaceous period [ 10]. Nonetheless, such formicoid taxa as Acropyga (Formicinae), Carebara (Myrmicinae), and Solenopsis (Myrmicinae) are also well represented among subterranean ants with many hypogaeic species (Fig. 1).
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.
    Baudier, K. M., Mudd, A. E., Erickson, S. C., & O’Donnell, S. (2015). Microhabitat and body size effects on heat tolerance: Implications for responses to climate change (army ants: Formicidae, Ecitoninae). Journal of Animal Ecology, 84, 1322–1330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Baudier, K. M., D’Amelio, C. L., Malhotra, R., O’Connor, M. P., & O’Donnell, S. (2018). Extreme insolation: Climatic variation shapes the evolution of thermal tolerance at multiple scales. American Naturalist, 192, 347–359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Castro, D., Fernández, F., Meneses, A. D., Tocora, M. C., Sanchez, S., & Peña-Venegas, C. P. (2018). A preliminary checklist of soil ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Colombian Amazon. Biodiversity Data Journal, 6, e29278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cerdá, X., Retana, J., & Manzaneda, A. (1998). The role of competition by dominants and temperature in the foraging of subordinate species in Mediterranean ant communities. Oecologia, 117, 404–412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    de Oliveira Canedo-Júnior, E., Gonçalves Cuissi, R., de Almeida Curi, N. H., Ramos Demetrio, G., Lasmar, C. J., Malves, K., & Rodrigues Ribas, C. (2016). Can anthropic fires affect epigaeic and hypogaeic Cerrado ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) communities in the same way? Revista de Biología Tropical, 64, 95–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Delabie, J. H., & Fowler, H. G. (1995). Soil and litter cryptic ant assemblages of Bahian cocoa plantations. Pedobiologia, 39, 423–433.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jacquemin, J., Roisin, Y., & Leponce, M. (2016). Spatio-temporal variation in ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) communities in leaf-litter and soil layers in a premontane tropical forest. Myrmecological News, 22, 129–139.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kumar, A., & O’Donnell, S. (2009). Elevation and forest clearing effects on foraging differ between surface–and subterranean–foraging army ants (Formicidae: Ecitoninae). Journal of Animal Ecology, 78, 91–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    LaPolla, J. S., Cover, S. P., & Mueller, U. G. (2002). Natural history of the mealybug-tending ant, Acropyga epedana, with descriptions of the male and queen castes. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 128, 367–376.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lucky, A., Trautwein, M. D., Guénard, B. S., Weiser, M. D., & Dunn, R. R. (2013). Tracing the rise of ants-out of the ground. PLoS One, 8, e84012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Man, P., Ran, H., Chen, Z., & Xu, Z. (2017). The northern-most record of Leptanillinae in China with description of Protanilla beijingensis sp. nov. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Asian Myrmecology, 9, e009008.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Nelsen, M. P., Ree, R. H., & Moreau, C. S. (2018). Ant-plant interactions evolved through increasing interdependence. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 115, 12253–12258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Newton, J. S., Glasier, J., Maw, H. E. L., Proctor, H. C., & Foottit, R. G. (2011). Ants and subterranean Sternorrhyncha in a native grassland in east-central Alberta, Canada. Canadian Entomologist, 143, 518–523.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    O’Donnell, S., & Kumar, A. (2006). Microclimatic factors associated with elevational changes in army ant density in tropical montane forest. Ecological Entomology, 31, 491–498.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ohyama, L., King, J. R., & Jenkins, D. G. (2018). Diversity and distribution of Solenopsis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) thief ants belowground. Myrmecological News, 27, 47–57.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Osunkoya, O. O., Polo, C., & Andersen, A. N. (2011). Invasion impacts on biodiversity: Responses of ant communities to infestation by cat’s claw creeper vine, Macfadyena unguis-cati (Bignoniaceae) in subtropical Australia. Biological Invasions, 13, 2289–2302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Rendos, M., Raschmanova, N., Kovac, L., Miklisova, D., Mock, A., & Luptacik, P. (2016). Organic carbon content and temperature as substantial factors affecting diversity and vertical distribution of Collembola on forested scree slopes. European Journal of Soil Biology, 75, 180–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ryder Wilkie, K. T., Mertl, A. L., & Traniello, J. F. (2007). Biodiversity below ground: Probing the subterranean ant fauna of Amazonia. Naturwissenschaften, 94, 725–731.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Schmidt, F. A., Schoereder, J. H., & Caetano, M. D. N. (2017). Ant assemblage and morphological traits differ in response to soil compaction. Insectes Sociaux, 64, 219–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Vasconcelos, H. L., & Delabie, J. H. (2000). Ground ant communities from central Amazonia forest fragments. In D. Agosti, J. D. Majer, L. Alonso, & T. Schultz (Eds.), Curtin school of environmental biology bulletin no. 18 (pp. 59–69). Perth: Curtin University of Technology.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ward, P. S. (2014). The phylogeny and evolution of ants. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 45, 23–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Watanasit, S., & Nhu-eard, T. (2011). Diversity of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in two rubber plantations in Songkhla Province, Southern Thailand. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology, 33, 151–161.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wong, M. K. L., & Guénard, B. (2017). Subterranean ants: Summary and perspectives on field sampling methods, with notes on diversity and ecology (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecological News, 25, 1–16.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  2. 2.School of Biological SciencesThe University of Hong KongHong Kong SARChina