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Total Dietary Fiber Intake, Whole Grain Consumption, and Their Biological Effects

  • Semih OtlesEmail author
  • Emine Nakilcioglu-Tas
Reference work entry
Part of the Reference Series in Phytochemistry book series (RSP)

Abstract

Unlike refined grains, whole grains, which consist of entire grain, contain high micronutrients and dietary fiber in their bran and seed. In the literature many studies showed that high-fiber diets may reduce the incidence of chronic diseases such as diverticulitis, diabetes, obesity, heart diseases, and some cancer types. Once upon a time, whole grains were neglected by researchers. Following the determination that dietary fibers are present in the whole grains together with micronutrients and phytochemicals, the focus of the studies has shifted towards observational studies related to whole grains intake. Cereal fibers have proven to have stronger health effects as a result of synergistic effects with phytochemicals and micronutrients in whole grains. This chapter describes the dietary fiber-related health effects of whole grain consumption after mentioning characteristics of dietary fiber and whole grains.

Keywords

Cardiovascular diseases Cereal fibers Diabetes Dietary fiber Whole grains 

Abbreviations

AACCI

American Association of Cereal Chemists International

BMI

Body mass index

CAD

Coronary artery disease

CCNFSDU

Codex Committee on Nutrition and Foods for Special Dietary Uses

CVD

Cardiovascular disease

DRI

Dietary Reference Intakes

FAO/WHO

Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

FOS

Fructooligosaccharide

GM

Galactomannan

HDL-C

High-density lipoprotein cholesterol

IDF

Insoluble dietary fiber

LDL-C

Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol

MCAD

Minimum coronary artery diameter

NTD

Neural tube defects

OD

Odds ratio

RDA

Recommended Dietary Allowance

RR

The effect size across studies

SDF

Soluble dietary fiber

US

United States

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringEge UniversityBornovaTurkey

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