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Calendula officinalis L.Asteraceae

  • Rainer W. BussmannEmail author
  • Ketevan Batsatsashvili
  • Zaal Kikvidze
  • Narel Y. Paniagua-Zambrana
  • Manana Khutsishvili
  • Inesa Maisaia
  • Shalva Sikharulidze
  • David Tchelidze
Living reference work entry
Part of the Ethnobotany of Mountain Regions book series (ETMORE)

Abstract

Annual. Plant 20–50(75) cm high; stem often branched from base, green, more or less floccose glandular.

References

  1. Bussmann RW, Paniagua Zambrana NY, Sikharulidze S, Kikvidze Z, Kikodze D, Tchelidze D, Khutsishvili M, Batsatsashvili K, Hart RE. A comparative ethnobotany of Khevsureti, Samtskhe-Javakheti, Tusheti, Svaneti, and Racha-Lechkhumi, Republic of Georgia (Sakartvelo), Caucasus. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2016a;12:43.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-016-0110-2.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Bussmann RW, Paniagua Zambrana NY, Sikharulidze S, Kikvidze Z, Kikodze D, Tchelidze D, Batsatsashvili K, Hart RE. Medicinal and food plants of Svaneti and Lechkhumi, Sakartvelo (Republic of Georgia), Caucasus. Med Aromat Plants. 2016b;5:266.  https://doi.org/10.4172/2167-0412.1000266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bussmann RW, Paniagua Zambrana NY, Sikharulidze S, Kikvidze Z, Kikodze D, Tchelidze D, Batsatsashvili K, Hart RE. Plants in the spa – the medicinal plant market of Borjomi, Sakartvelo (Republic of Georgia), Caucasus. Indian J Tradit Knowl. 2017;16(1):25–34.Google Scholar
  4. Bussmann RW, Paniagua Zambrana NY, Sikharulidze S, Kikvidze Z, Kikodze D, Tchelidze D, Batsatsashvili K, Hart RE. Unequal brothers – Plant and fungal use in Guria and Racha, Sakartvelo (Republic of Georgia), Caucasus. Indian J Tradit Knowl. 2018;17(1):7–33.Google Scholar
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  6. Ketskhoveli N, Kharadze A, Gagnidze R. Flora of Georgia, 16 vols. Tbilisi: Metsniereba; 1971–2011. (in Georgian).Google Scholar
  7. Makashvili A. Botanical dictionary. Tbilisi: Metsniereba; 1991. (in Georgian).Google Scholar
  8. Sokolov PD, editor. Plant resources of the USSR: flowering plants, their chemical composition, use, Volume 7. Family Asteraceae (Compositae). Leningrad: Akademia Nauk; 1993. 352 p. (in Russian).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rainer W. Bussmann
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ketevan Batsatsashvili
    • 3
  • Zaal Kikvidze
    • 4
  • Narel Y. Paniagua-Zambrana
    • 1
    • 2
  • Manana Khutsishvili
    • 3
  • Inesa Maisaia
    • 3
  • Shalva Sikharulidze
    • 3
  • David Tchelidze
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Ethnobotany, Institute of Botany and Bakuriani Alpine Botanical GardenIlia State UniversityTbilisiGeorgia
  2. 2.Saving KnowledgeLa PazBolivia
  3. 3.Institute of Botany and Bakuriani Alpine Botanical GardenIlia State UniversityTbilisiGeorgia
  4. 4.4-D Research InstituteIlia State UniversityTbilisiGeorgia

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