Advertisement

Vitis labrusca L.Vitis vinifera L.Vitaceae

  • Rainer W. BussmannEmail author
  • Ketevan Batsatsashvili
  • Zaal Kikvidze
  • Narel Y. Paniagua-Zambrana
  • Manana Khutsishvili
  • Inesa Maisaia
  • Shalva Sikharulidze
  • David Tchelidze
Living reference work entry
Part of the Ethnobotany of Mountain Regions book series (ETMORE)

Abstract

Vitis labrusca: Climbing shrubs, vine half-robust, with stem 20–25 cm in diameter; root thick, fleshy; annotinous shoots dark chocolate in color, cylindrical, densely hairy; tendrils continuously arranged, shortly 2–3 partite; buds large, conical, sparsely covered with rusty hairs; stipules long, cordate; 679 leaves large, broadly ovate or orbicular, 24–25 cm long, 15–17 cm wide, entirely to obscurely 3-lobed, often notched with orbicular incisions, petiolar incision varying in depth and width, V-shaped, margin dentate with shallow mucronate incised teeth, surface more or less rugose, dark green, hairy when young, later glabrous; lower face densely pubescent, more or less medium sized, usually compound, racemes usually winged, dense, on thick short to medium-long peduncle; berry medium-sized, black, pink, rarely white, with thick epidermis and distinct bloom, with typical musky or “foxy” odor, 2–4-seeded; seeds with short beak, chalaza obscure, forming an oval concave-canaliculated suture. Flowering May–June, fruiting September.

References

  1. Alalbarov AU. One thousand and one secret of the East. Baku: Nurlan; 2008. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  2. Bussmann RW, editor. Ethnobotany of the Caucasus. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2017. XXVII, 746p. ISBN 978-3-319-49411-1.Google Scholar
  3. Bussmann RW, Paniagua-Zambrana NY, Sikharulidze S, Kikvidze Z, Kikodze D, Jinjikhadze T, Shanshiashvili T, Chelidze D, Batsatsashvili K, Bakanidze N. Wine, beer, snuff, medicine and loss of diversity – ethnobotanical travels in the Georgian Caucasus. Ethnobot Res Appl. 2014;12:237–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bussmann RW, Paniagua Zambrana NY, Sikharulidze S, Kikvidze Z, Kikodze D, Tchelidze D, Khutsishvili M, Batsatsashvili K, Hart RE. A comparative ethnobotany of Khevsureti, Samtskhe-Javakheti, Tusheti, Svaneti, and Racha-Lechkhumi, Republic of Georgia (Sakartvelo), Caucasus. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2016a;12:43.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s13002-016-0110-2.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. Bussmann RW, Paniagua Zambrana NY, Sikharulidze S, Kikvidze Z, Kikodze D, Tchelidze D, Batsatsashvili K, Hart RE. Medicinal and food plants of Svaneti and Lechkhumi, Sakartvelo (Republic of Georgia), Caucasus. Med Aromat Plants. 2016b;5:266.  https://doi.org/10.4172/2167-0412.1000266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bussmann RW, Paniagua Zambrana NY, Sikharulidze S, Kikvidze Z, Kikodze D, Tchelidze D, Batsatsashvili K, Hart RE. Ethnobotany of Samtskhe-Javakheti, Sakartvelo (Republic of Georgia), Caucasus. Indian J Tradit Knowl. 2017a;16(1):7–24.Google Scholar
  7. Bussmann RW, Batsatsashvili K, Kikvidze Z, Khutsishvili M, Maisaia I, Sikharulidze S, Tchelidze D, Paniagua Zambrana NY. Ethnobotany of the Caucasus – Georgia. In: Bussmann RW, editor. Ethnobotany of the Caucasus. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2017b.Google Scholar
  8. Bussmann RW, Batsatsashvili K, Kikvidze Z, Khutsishvili M, Maisaia I, Sikharulidze S, Tchelidze D, Paniagua Zambrana NY. Ethnobotany of the Caucasus – the region. In: Bussmann RW, editor. Ethnobotany of the Caucasus. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2017c.Google Scholar
  9. Bussmann RW, Paniagua Zambrana NY, Sikharulidze S, Kikvidze Z, Kikodze D, Tchelidze D, Batsatsashvili K, Hart RE. Unequal brothers – plant and fungal use in Guria and Racha, Sakartvelo (Republic of Georgia), Caucasus. Indian J Tradit Knowl. 2018;17(1):7–33.Google Scholar
  10. Damirov IA, Prilipko LI, Shukurov DZ, Kerimov YB. Medicinal plants of Azerbaijan. Baku: Metsniereba; 1988. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  11. Fedorov AA. The herbs applied in traditional medicine of the Talysh. Baku: Publishing House of AS of USSR; 1949. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  12. Flora of Azerbaijan. Volumes I–VIII. Baku: AS of Azerbaijani SSR; 1950–1961. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  13. Grossheim AA. Plant richness of the Caucasus. Moscow: Akademia Nauk; 1952. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  14. Ketskhoveli N, Kharadze A, Gagnidze R. Flora of Georgia, 16 vols. Tbilisi: Metsniereba; 1971–2011. (in Georgian).Google Scholar
  15. Makashvili A. Botanical dictionary. Tbilisi: Metsniereba; 1991. (in Georgian).Google Scholar
  16. Qasimov MA. Dye plants of Azerbaijan. Baku: Azerbaijan State Publishing House; 1980. (in Azeri).Google Scholar
  17. Shishkin BK, Boborov EG. Flora of the USSR, Volume 14: Geraniales, Sapindales, Rhamnales. Leningrad: Akademia Nauk; 1949 (English 1974). 616 pages, 39 b/w plates, 2 maps.Google Scholar
  18. Sokolov PD, editor. Plant resources of the USSR: flowering plants, their chemical composition, use, Volume 4. Families of Rutaceae-Elaeagnaceae. Leningrad: Akademia Nauk; 1988. 357 p. (in Russian).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rainer W. Bussmann
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ketevan Batsatsashvili
    • 3
  • Zaal Kikvidze
    • 4
  • Narel Y. Paniagua-Zambrana
    • 1
    • 2
  • Manana Khutsishvili
    • 3
  • Inesa Maisaia
    • 3
  • Shalva Sikharulidze
    • 3
  • David Tchelidze
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Ethnobotany, Institute of Botany and Bakuriani Alpine Botanical GardenIlia State UniversityTbilisiGeorgia
  2. 2.Saving KnowledgeLa PazBolivia
  3. 3.Institute of Botany and Bakuriani Alpine Botanical GardenIlia State UniversityTbilisiGeorgia
  4. 4.4-D Research InstituteIlia State UniversityTbilisiGeorgia

Personalised recommendations