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Plant-Insect Interaction: The Saga of Molecular Coevolution

  • Sanyami S. Zunjarrao
  • Meenakshi B. Tellis
  • Sanjana N. Joshi
  • Rakesh S. JoshiEmail author
Living reference work entry
Part of the Reference Series in Phytochemistry book series (RSP)

Abstract

Plant-insect interaction is a prime and evolutionarily successful association that offers an excellent platform to understand coevolution. These interactions have spurred speciation and are vital players of ecological dominance. The emergence of mutualistic relationship leads to the inception of molecular coevolution and diversification of plants and insects. Here, we have cataloged the various molecular factors that drive the establishment and progression of plant-insect interactions. An imbalance in the mutualistic relationship initiated the molecular arms race between plants and insects that resulted in a plethora of defense molecules in both counterparts. We have discussed the molecular events involved in the interaction, plant defense mechanism, and strategies employed by insects to combat plant defense. Furthermore, we have also focused on the coevolution of these molecules and their implications on plant-insect dialogue. We believe that this chapter will provide detailed molecular insights involved in the plant-insect interaction.

Keywords

Plant-insect interactions Coevolution Diversification 

Abbreviations

CO

Carbon monoxide

DAMPs

Damage-associated molecular patterns

FACs

Fatty acid amino acid conjugates

GLV

Green leaf volatiles

GOX

Glucose oxidase

GRN

Gustatory neurons

GRs

Gustatory receptors

GSH

Glutathione

GST

Glutathione-S-transferase

H2O2

Hydrogen peroxide

HAMPs

Herbivore-associated molecular patterns

HIPVs

Herbivore-inducible plant volatiles

JA

Jasmonic acid

MAMPs

Microbe-associated molecular patterns

MYA

Million years ago

OPDA

12-oxophytodienoic acid

ORN

Olfactory neurons

ORs

Olfactory receptors

P450

P450 monooxygenase

PAMPs

Pathogen-associated molecular patterns

PRR

Plant recognition receptors

SA

Salicylic acid

UGT

UDP glucosyl-transferase

VOCs

Volatile compounds

Notes

Acknowledgments

The work is supported by the research grant from the Department of Science and Technology – Science and Engineering Research Board (DST-SERB), Government of India under ECR/2015/000502 grant and University with Potential of Excellence (UPE Phase II), Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune 411007, Maharashtra, India. Authors acknowledge Shounak Jagdale for editorial assistance.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanyami S. Zunjarrao
    • 1
  • Meenakshi B. Tellis
    • 1
  • Sanjana N. Joshi
    • 1
  • Rakesh S. Joshi
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Bioinformatics and BiotechnologySavitribai Phule Pune UniversityPuneIndia

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