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Deranged Physiology of Peach

  • Lyubka Koleva-ValkovaEmail author
  • Adelina Harizanova
Living reference work entry
Part of the Reference Series in Phytochemistry book series (RSP)

Abstract

Plants are a rich source of a large number of secondary metabolites (SM). These are compounds of varying structure, some of which have a low molecular weight but are generally considered to be of great importance for the survival of the plant. These compounds often accumulate in plants in smaller quantities than the main metabolites, and their synthesis strongly depends on the conditions of the environment and can change in the presence of a stress factor. Secondary metabolites are produced by plants in response to a signal and play an important role as protective chemicals, signal molecules, and attractants. Most of these substances are powerful antioxidants and serve to cope or reduce the effects of oxidative stress caused by various abiotic or biotic factors. For these reasons, secondary metabolites are important for human health too, and the plants that produce them are a valuable source. Fruit intended for fresh consumption is a suitable form for the procurement of these compounds as they retain their structure and activity.

Keywords

Peaches Polyphenols Secondary metabolites Stress physiology 

Abbreviations

ABA

Abscisic acid

AsA

Ascorbic acid

GSH

Glutathione

JA

Jasmonic acid

MD

Mandelonitrile

MDA

Malondialdehyde

PAL

Phenylalanine ammonium lyase

PPV

Plum pox virus

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

SA

Salicylic acid

SM

Secondary metabolites

TF

Transcription factors

Notes

Acknowledgment

This work was supported by the project N H16/35 granted by the Research Fund of the Ministry of Education and Science, Bulgaria.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of AgronomyAgricultural UniversityPlovdivBulgaria

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