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Preharvest Methyl Jasmonate and Postharvest UVC Treatments: Increasing Stilbenes in Wine

  • Susana Cruz
  • Raúl F. Guerrero
  • Belén Puertas
  • María Isabel Fernández-Marín
  • Emma Cantos-VillarEmail author
Living reference work entry
Part of the Reference Series in Phytochemistry book series (RSP)

Abstract

In varieties of Vitis vinifera, a number of different stilbenes are present in several parts of the grapevine as constitutive compounds of the lignified organs (roots, canes, seeds, and stems) and as induced substances (in leaves and berries) acting as phytoalexins in the mechanisms of grape resistance against pathogens.

This chapter describes the strategies and recent advances regarding ways to increase the stilbene concentration in grapes through the use of a combination of elicitors. Special attention is paid to the treatment combining MEJA (Methyljasmonate)+UVC (Ultraviolet C light), which results in grapes enriched in stilbenes. The effectiveness of treatments is subject to many vinicultural factors, as is the transfer of stilbene compounds into the wine. Maximum skin contact with the must and minimum amounts of fining agent is recommended. However, the production of stilbene-enriched wines is a complex process which is difficult to standardize.

Keywords

Bioactive Phytoalexins Trans-resveratrol ε-viniferin Induction Dm Stress Elicitors Biosynthesis Functional 

Abbreviations

BTH

Benzothiadiazote

C4H

Cinamate 4-hidroxylase

CHIT

Chitosan

Dm

Time required for reaching maximum concentration of resveratrol

f.w.

Fresh weight

MEJA

Methyljasmonate

OZ

Ozone

PAL

Phenylalanine ammonialyase

STS

Stilbene synthase

TAL

Tyrosine ammonia lyase

US

Ultrasonication

UVC

Ultraviolet C light

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank INIA and FEDER for their financial support of the projects “Stilbenes as a sustainable tool to replace SO2 in winemaking” (RTA2015-00005-C02-01) and “Research and Technological Innovations in Viticulture” (AVA.AVA201601.3). Susana Cruz and Maria I. Fernandez thanks FEDER program (2014–2020) for supporting her contract.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susana Cruz
    • 1
  • Raúl F. Guerrero
    • 1
  • Belén Puertas
    • 1
  • María Isabel Fernández-Marín
    • 1
  • Emma Cantos-Villar
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Rancho de la Merced.Instituto de Investigación y Formación Agraria y Pesquera (IFAPA) Jerez de la FronteraSpain

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